C-Force: For the Pandemic, the Numbers Don't Tell the Full Story

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A couple of weeks ago, the Associated Press and others predicted that in a matter of weeks, the U.S. death toll from COVID-19 would surpass 1 million. That it has taken longer than expected to reach this heartbreaking milestone does not soften the blow. But for many of us, the reality of it may feel less impactful than it should.

"We're dealing with numbers that humans are just not able to comprehend," Sara Cordes, a professor of psychology at Boston College, explains to the Associated Press. Cordes, who has long studied how people perceive quantity, goes on to say, "I can't comprehend the lives of 1 million at one time and I think this is sort of self-preservation, to only think about the few that you have heard about."

In an old posting on the news site, which covers the worlds of technology and science, mathematician Spencer Greenberg, co-founder of think tank Rebellion Research, explains our difficulty with large numbers this way: "We can easily visualize five things. We can even roughly visualize approximately 100 things." But trying to wrap your head around a million people is nearly as useless as trying to imagine a hundred million.

In an effort to add some perspective, the Associated Press also reminds us that "COVID-19 has left an estimated 194,000 children in the U.S. without one or both of their parents. It has deprived communities of leaders, teachers and caregivers. It has robbed us of expertise and persistence, humor and devotion."

More easily grasped is yet another shocking recent report, this time from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that, as of February, 60% of Americans and 75% of children have been infected with the coronavirus -- more than half of all of us.

"While the numbers came as a shock to many Americans, some scientists said they had expected the figures to be even higher, given the contagious variants that have marched through the nation over the past two years," writes New York Times reporter Apoorva Mandavilli. Many now believe that "a gain in population-wide immunity may offer at least a partial bulwark against future waves," he adds. We are possibly entering a "new phase of the pandemic in which infections may be common at times but cause less harm."


Not all Americans will reap such benefits. "Up to 30% of people infected with the coronavirus may have persistent symptoms, including worrisome changes to the brain and heart," Mandavilli adds. "The long-term impacts on health care are not clear but certainly worth taking very seriously, as a fraction of people will be struggling for a long time with the consequences," said Bill Hanage, an epidemiologist at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

Those friends, loved ones and associates of the tragic million (and growing) of those lost must also not be forgotten. They surely now extend into several million or more left to grieve their passing. According to the American Psychiatric Association, the level of extended grieving over the past two years has prompted them to formalize a new diagnosis: prolonged grief disorder, characterized by "incapacitating feelings of grief." This diagnosis provides a new framework for treating patients affected by loss by now allowing treatment providers to bill insurance companies for such services, an option not possible before.

"The timing of this addition to the (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) is also important, since there is so much loss in the world right now and many people are experiencing the long-term effects of that," Naomi Torres-Mackie, clinical psychologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York and head of research at The Mental Health Coalition, tells

So much can get lost as these numbers and statistics keep unfolding and piling up, often nearly impossible for the reader to intuitively understand their broader implications. Sometimes they appear in reports where they are not expected, such as the spring 2022 Harvard Youth Poll.


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