The U.S. labor market unexpectedly strengthened in November with pickups in employment and wages, deflating bets the Federal Reserve will cut interest rates early next year.
Nonfarm payrolls increased 199,000 last month following a 150,000 advance in October, a Bureau of Labor Statistics report showed Friday. The return of striking auto workers helped boost the count by 30,000. The unemployment rate fell to 3.7% and workforce participation edged up. Monthly wage growth rose more than forecast.
Health care, leisure and hospitality, and government hiring, in addition to the pickup in manufacturing upon the resolution of the United Auto Workers strike, drove the payrolls gain. Other categories showed tepid growth or outright declines, such as retail.
The acceleration in payrolls is at odds with recent reports that have depicted a softer hiring pace, an outcome favored by the Fed as it will help rein in demand and tame price pressures.
Fed officials are widely expected to keep borrowing costs at the highest level in two decades when they meet next week. Chair Jerome Powell has repeatedly pushed back against growing bets of rate cuts early next year, stressing that policymakers will move cautiously but retain the option to hike again. Treasury yields rose sharply after the figures.
“All in all, expectations of many cuts next year that begin in the first quarter will be pared back,” said Derek Tang, an economist with LH Meyer/Monetary Policy Analytics. “Fed policymakers will seize on this to call for patience and a longer hold.”
The solid labor-market figures shift focus to inflation numbers as Fed officials gauge how long to maintain interest rates at this cycle’s peak. A further cooling of price gains would likely help push the central bank toward rate cuts as long as the job market averts a more sustained re-acceleration.
“The totality of the data will allow the Fed to remain patient to make sure inflation is moving back to target,” said Yelena Shulyatyeva, senior U.S. economist at BNP Paribas.
Average hourly earnings rose 0.4%, matching the biggest monthly advance this year, and were up 4% from November 2022. Earnings for nonsupervisory employees, who make up the majority of workers, also increased 0.4%.
The participation rate — the share of the population that is working or looking for work — rose to 62.8%, driven by men. For those ages 25-54, participation was unchanged. A further increase in the labor supply could help alleviate wage gains.
The jobs report is composed of two surveys: one of households and one of businesses. The household survey showed a 747,000 surge in employment, far offsetting a decrease in the prior month. A large number of people previously not in the labor force, as well as those previously unemployed, were able to find jobs.
The gain in payrolls, combined with stronger wage growth and a pickup in hours worked, led a broad measure of labor market health to jump 0.7% last month, the most since June. Moreover, a gauge of take-home pay rose 0.3%.
—With assistance from Reade Pickert, Augusta Saraiva, Kristy Scheuble and Steve Matthews.
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