After nearly five months on strike, the Writers Guild of America has finally reached a tentative deal with Hollywood's major studios. Among the key points? Limits on the use of artificial intelligence.
The nascent technology proved a sticking point between the two sides. In fact, AI was the last topic on which they came to an agreement, according to people familiar with the matter who weren't authorized to comment publicly and requested anonymity. Now, the proposed contract aims to establish guardrails around its use.
According to a summary document from the WGA, the contract — which still needs to be ratified by the union's members — would let writers choose to use AI when performing writing services, with the studio's permission. But scribes couldn't be made to do so. Companies also wouldn't be able to give writers AI-generated material without telling them.
But screenwriters aren't the only ones worried about what automation means for film and television. SAG-AFTRA — the labor union representing actors and other performers — remains on strike and has voiced concerns of its own about artificial intelligence. "We are all going to be in jeopardy of being replaced by machines," SAG-AFTRA President Fran Drescher said in July.
It's already become a hot-button issue. SAG-AFTRA hoped its negotiations with the studios would secure regulations around how AI could be used in filmmaking as well as the use of past performances to train AI models.
In turn, the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers — which represents the studios in their negotiations with both SAG-AFTRA and the WGA — proposed what it framed as groundbreaking new rules that would've required that performers consent to the creation and use of their AI-generated digital replicas.
Negotiators from the union were unsatisfied, worrying that background actors could still be scanned once and then see their likenesses reused indefinitely. The AMPTP maintained that actors would retain control. Nevertheless, it's been clear through the strike that the studios see this technology as a potential time and money saver.
Once talks resume between SAG-AFTRA and the studios, the AI debate could prove even stickier for them than it was with the writers.
Some see the threat of displacement posed by the technology as more imminent for actors than it is for writers, which could incentivize SAG-AFTRA to pursue a longer, more aggressive strike in a bid to proactively regulate a technology that grows more powerful every year.
Movies already feature AI-enabled performances, after all, from scenes where dialogue was tweaked during post-production to ones where a digital "clone" de-ages an actor or brings them back from the dead. Companies in the frothy AI market have also pitched the technology as a means of disrupting motion capture and stunt work, and one background actor told The Times this summer that she's had her body scanned twice in order to be digitally inserted into crowd scenes.
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