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Model Y is No. 1 again on the American-Made Index

Kalea Hall, The Detroit News on

Published in Automotive News

For the third year in a row, Tesla Inc.’s Model Y is the most American-made car, according to a ranking released Tuesday by

The Jeep Gladiator produced by Stellantis NV was the only Detroit automaker vehicle to rank in the top 10 on the annual list, coming in at No. 8. Meanwhile, Tesla's Model S and Model X also ranked in the top 10, along with Honda Motor Co.'s Honda Passport, Odyssey and Ridgeline, Toyota Motor Corp.'s Camry and Lexus TX, and the Volkswagen ID.4.

To determine if a car qualifies for the American-Made Index, evaluates the location of vehicle assembly, parts sourcing as determined by the American Automobile Labeling Act, U.S. factory employment relative to vehicle production, engine sourcing and transmission sourcing. researchers independently evaluated more than 400 vehicles to generate the list of 100 vehicles contributing most to the U.S. economy in manufacturing, parts sourcing and employment.

Austin, Texas-based Tesla did not repeat its 2023 sweep of the top four spots, with the Model X dropping to No. 9 and the Model 3 landing at No. 21 because of changes in workforce and domestic parts content.

“Over the last year, domestic manufacturing was thrust into the spotlight by the recent United Auto Workers organizing efforts and continues to be a hot topic with the impending presidential election,” said Patrick Masterson, lead researcher for’s American-Made Index, in a statement. “Pundits championhomegrown corporations as the key to investments in local and state economies. However, when it comes to the global automotive industry, the badge on the hood doesn’t always reveal a vehicle's economic contributions."


Masterson noted that 66% of vehicles on the list are made by foreign automakers that support communities in Alabama, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio.

While Michigan "remains a powerhouse for auto assembly" with 16 vehicles on the index, more than half of the vehicles on the list were assembled in the South, outpacing the 45% assembled inthe Midwest. Alabama leads Southern states in auto assembly with 15 vehicles on this year's list built there.

General Motors Co. has 18 vehicles on the list that were built in Michigan, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Tennessee or Texas. The highest-ranking GM vehicle on the list is the Missouri-built Chevrolet Colorado, coming in at No. 23. Despite a 10% decrease in representation on the list since 2020, GM consistently has the most representation.

Ford Motor Co. has 12 vehicles on the list, assembled in Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan and Missouri. The Lincoln Corsair at No. 29 and Ford Mustang at No. 31 were Ford's highest-ranking vehicles. Ford's representation on the index has increased 20% since 2020.

Stellantis, which considers itself a Netherlands-based company with a headquarters in Auburn Hills, Michigan, has six vehicles on the index.

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