A study of more than 41,000 U.S. nurses found that daily consumption of two or more sugar-sweetened beverages was linked to double the risk of developing bowel cancer before the age of 50.
High amounts of sugar is associated with risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and obesity, both risk factors for bowel cancer. The longitudinal study asked nurses to report what they had eaten and drank during their teenage years, and the study found that each daily serving of a sweetened drink was linked to a 16% higher risk of developing cancer. Those nurses who had two or more drinks as teens had a 32% greater chance of developing bowel cancer by 50.
It's not the hamburger and fries that makes those meals happy. A small study looked at 28 fast food commercials that aired between February 2019 and January 2020 -- almost all of which were for McDonald's Happy Meals -- and found that 27 of them contained premiums, such as toys and incentives.
In fact, more than half of the words and nearly 60% of the visuals focused on the premiums rather than actual food. This finding suggests that companies are violating guidelines that say fast food companies cannot emphasize premiums over product because young children can't easily tell the difference.
Body of Knowledge
The biggest molecule in the human body is chromosome 1, which contains approximately 10 billion atoms. The human body is comprised of 7, 000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 (seven octillion) atoms, give or take.
Get Me That, Stat!
Wholesale drug prices increased nearly 17% for 79 brand-name drugs between 2015 and 2020. Pharma companies say those increases do not affect patients' out-of-pocket costs, but a new study suggests that's only partially true.
Overall out-of-pocket spending increased 3.5%, but it varied by type of insurance. Patients with fixed copayments -- about half of consumers -- were largely unaffected by price increases, but drug costs rose 15% for those with deductibles and coinsurance.