China's highflying EV industry is going global. Why that has Tesla and other carmakers worried

Stephanie Yang, Los Angeles Times on

Published in Business News

TAIPEI, Taiwan — The U.S.-China rivalry has a new flashpoint in the battle for technology supremacy: electric cars.

So far, the U.S. is losing.

Last year, China became the world's foremost auto exporter, according to the China Passenger Car Association, surpassing Japan with more than 5 million sales overseas. New energy vehicles accounted for about 25% of those exports, and more than half of those were created by Chinese brands, a shift from the traditional assembly role China has played for foreign automakers.

"The big growth has happened in the last three years," said Stephen Dyer, head of the Asia automotive and industrials unit at AlixPartners, a consulting firm. "With Chinese automakers making inroads for most of the market share, that's a huge challenge for foreign automakers."

China's rapid expansion domestically and abroad has added fuel to a series of clashes between the U.S. and China over trade and advanced technology, as competition intensifies between the two superpowers.

The U.S. has lofty goals for expanding its own EV industry. California, which accounted for 37% of the nation's electric car sales as of 2022, aims to phase out purchases of new cars that run on fossil fuels by 2035.


Concerns about Chinese oversupply have come just as a broader slowdown in sales has hit EV makers. Tesla announced Monday that it would lay off more than 10% of its workforce in an effort to reduce costs and increase productivity.

In the company's last earnings report in January, Chief Executive Elon Musk warned about the competitiveness of Chinese brands. BYD, China's largest EV maker, surpassed Tesla in car sales last year.

"If there are not trade barriers established, they will pretty much demolish most other car companies in the world," Musk said.

This year, California-based Fisker Inc., an electrical vehicle startup, cut 15% of its workforce, had its stock delisted and said it might file for bankruptcy protection. Apple also recently announced an end to its long-held ambitions of making a self-driving EV.


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