Science & Technology

/

Knowledge

Ada Lovelace's skills with language, music and needlepoint contributed to her pioneering work in computing

Ada Lovelace, known as the first computer programmer, was born on Dec. 10, 1815, more than a century before digital electronic computers were developed.

Lovelace has been hailed as a model for girls in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM). A dozen biographies for young audiences were published for the 200th anniversary of ...Read more

How do floating wind turbines work? With 5 companies winning the first US leases to build wind farms off California's coast, let's take a look

Northern California has some of the strongest offshore winds in the U.S., with immense potential to produce clean energy. But it also has a problem. Its continental shelf drops off quickly, making building traditional wind turbines directly on the seafloor costly if not impossible.

Once water gets more than about 200 feet deep – ...Read more

Tracy Glantz/The Island Packet/TNS

Toxic chemicals found in virtually every SC river tested. Action needed, critics say

Virtually every river, creek and lake tested recently by South Carolina regulators was found to contain “forever chemicals,’’ materials once used by industry that today are being linked to a variety of toxic effects on people.

The S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control released data this week showing the results of a testing ...Read more

People can have food sensitivities without noticeable symptoms – long-term consumption of food allergens may lead to behavior and mood changes

The prevalence of food allergies is increasing worldwide, approaching an epidemic level in some regions. In the U.S. alone, approximately 10% of children and adults suffer from food allergies, with allergies to cow’s milk, eggs, peanuts and tree nuts being the most common. Some patients have mild symptoms that might not need medical ...Read more

China's Belt and Road infrastructure projects could help or hurt oceans and coasts worldwide

More than one-third of all people in the world live in cities, towns and villages on coasts. They rely on healthy oceans for many things, including food, income, a stable climate and ready connections to nature.

But as coastal populations continue to grow, governments are under increasing pressure to ramp up development for ...Read more

Rick Loomis/Los Angeles Times/TNS

Supreme Court admissions case could upend environmental justice laws

In recent years, more states have crafted environmental justice policies to help communities of color plagued by polluted air and water, poor health outcomes and limited access to green space.

But now they fear that work could be upended by a pair of pending U.S. Supreme Court cases examining affirmative action admissions policies at ...Read more

Toilets spew invisible aerosol plumes with every flush – here's the proof, captured by high-powered lasers

Every time you flush a toilet, it releases plumes of tiny water droplets into the air around you. These droplets, called aerosol plumes, can spread pathogens from human waste and expose people in public restrooms to contagious diseases.

Scientific understanding of the spread of aerosol plumes – and public awareness of their ...Read more

Xavier Mascareñas/The Sacramento Bee/TNS

Run into a coyote? Here's what to do (and not do)

SACRAMENTO, Calif. — Hundreds of thousands of coyotes roam California — and these “extremely intelligent” predators don’t mind hanging around humans.

Coyote sightings in urban areas are common. Sacramento’s close proximity to habitats like the American River Parkway, for example, means sometimes these animals can make their way all ...Read more

Jim Rossman/Jim Rossman/TNS

Jim Rossman: Netflix moving to end password sharing

It is no secret Netflix would like for us to stop sharing passwords.

For years when the company was growing, they seemed content to look the other way when people let others use their Netflix login.

Now that subscriber numbers have dropped, Netflix is going to start cracking down on freeloaders.

Netflix accounts can only be associated with ...Read more

Electronic Arts/TNS

A look at three games that won a coveted Apple App Store Award

For better or worse, The Game Awards will generate most of the attention this month, but they’re not the only accolades going out. Apple has its own celebration of developers. Last week, it announced the winners of the 2022 App Store Awards that honored games and apps that had some of the biggest impact on the company’s devices.

On the ...Read more

Nurse develops technology to detect bruises on dark skin

Detecting bruising on darker skin can sometimes be difficult, limiting a nurse’s ability to document wounds and testify to them in court.

“Bruise detection and diagnosis are currently conducted by sight, under regular light, and bruises are often difficult to see on victims of violence depending on their skin color and the age of their ...Read more

iHome/TNS

Gadgets: iHome digital photo frame perfect for the holidays

iHome will soon be launching the Smartshare Frame (iPF1032), a Wi-Fi-enabled photo frame, which is a perfect holiday gift for almost anyone.

The digital photo frame is an easy way to display all those cellphone photos we all continue to snap but don’t share with more than one or two people. With the AC-powered Smartshare frame connected to ...Read more

Adobe/Dreamstime/TNS

PDF to cloud to homegrown tech titan: Adobe celebrates 40th anniversary

SAN JOSE, California — Adobe has reached its 40th anniversary, an event that marks a four-decade journey during which the company created tech products that have become vital tools for consumers and professionals alike.

John Warnock and Charles Geschke, two tech entrepreneurs who had just left legendary Xerox PARC, launched Adobe in December ...Read more

Overshadowed by failures, crypto hacking exacts higher price

The cryptocurrency industry is circling the wagons in defense as hackers siphon more money from the sector each year.

Hackers made off with more than $3 billion in digital assets so far this year, according to research firm Chainalysis. In October alone, $718 million was taken in 11 different hacks, making it the worst month in the worst year ...Read more

David McNew/Getty Images North America/TNS

Exposure to white supremacist ideologies in online games surged in 2022

White-supremacist ideas gained significant exposure through online video games this year, particularly among adults, according to a new report from the Anti-Defamation League.

One in five adults reported being confronted with white supremacist ideologies, more than double the rate a year earlier. At the same time, 15% of teen and pre-teen ...Read more

Los Angeles officials ban Styrofoam products in move toward 'zero-waste' city

LOS ANGELES — The Los Angeles City Council has approved a new ban on certain single-use plastics, taking the latest step in an effort toward becoming a "zero-waste" city.

All 12 council members present for Tuesday's meeting voted to approve an ordinance that prohibits the distribution and sale of expanded polystyrene products, more commonly ...Read more

Harnessing the brain's immune cells to stave off Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases

Many neurodegenerative diseases, or conditions that result from the loss of function or death of brain cells, remain largely untreatable. Most available treatments target just one of the multiple processes that can lead to neurodegeneration, which may not be effective in completely addressing disease symptoms or progress, if at all.

...Read more

Mosquitoes are not repelled by vitamins and other oral supplements you might take

A longstanding medical myth suggests that taking vitamin B1, also known as thiamine, can make your body repel mosquitoes.

A “systemic repellent” that makes your whole body unappealing to biting insects certainly sounds good. Even if you correctly reject the misinformation questioning safe and effective repellents like DEET, oral ...Read more

As a sacred minnow nears extinction, Native Americans of Clear Lake call for bold plan

LAKEPORT, Calif. — Spring runs of a large minnow numbering in the millions have nourished Pomo Indians since they first made their home alongside Northern California’s Clear Lake more than 400 generations ago.

The Clear Lake hitch glinted like silver dollars as they headed up the lake’s tributaries to spawn, a reliable squirming crop of ...Read more

Local air regulators say it's impossible to meet smog standards without federal help

LOS ANGELES — Southern California air regulators have approved a sweeping plan to reduce pollution in the nation’s smoggiest region within the next two decades, but say they cannot meet national air quality standards without federal action.

The South Coast Air Quality Management District governing board voted 9-2 on Friday to adopt a nearly...Read more