The shift toward electric vehicles took a big hit Thursday when Republicans officially proposed wiping out the $7,500 federal tax credit for buyers of electric cars as part of a sweeping tax overhaul.
Tesla would be the hardest hit company should the plan pass Congress and be signed into law by President Donald Trump. Although Chief Executive Elon Musk has said the company's business plan does not depend on such subsidies, the credit would be cut beginning in 2018, just when Tesla plans to scale up production of its new Model 3 sedan, with a current price of about $45,000 before subsidies.
It isn't the first time Tesla's clean-energy focus has conflicted with the Republican agenda. Musk had served on a business advisory committee assembled by Trump, but quit over Trump's opposition to the Paris climate change accord.
Other companies that would be immediately affected include General Motors, which sells the Chevy Bolt EV and Volt plug-in hybrid, and Nissan, which just introduced a new version of its all-electric Leaf.
All major automakers have announced plans to begin selling all-electric vehicles over the next several years, and all would have to deal with the fallout from the elimination of the tax credit. Battery packs for electric cars still cost thousands of dollars more to make than traditional internal combustion engines, and removing the subsidy could place them at an even bigger price disadvantage with gasoline- and diesel-powered passenger vehicles.
Electric car promoters are hoping the credit will be restored to the bill before passage.
"This is a terrible idea," said Joel Levin, executive director of the advocacy group Plug In America. "Fortunately, this is just the beginning of the discussion, not the end of it."
Subsidy foes say electric cars should compete at a free-market price without government assistance.
Mandates favoring electric vehicles are being implemented or considered around the world. London and Paris want to ban gas-powered vehicles by 2040. China has made clear it aims to dominate electric vehicle production, and is considering mandates on top of existing incentives.
In California, legislators are expected to introduce a bill in January that would mandate electric powertrains for all new cars sold in the state by 2040. California currently offers $2,500 refunds on electric cars, which would remain whatever happens with the federal credit.
"The question for the United States is whether we want these cars to be built here or in China," Levin said.
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