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Consumer Health: Epilepsy in children

Laurel Kelly, Mayo Clinic News Network on

Published in Health & Fitness

Epilepsy, also known as seizure disorder, is common, and there are many types. About 1 in 26 people in the U.S. will develop the disease in their lifetime. It affects people of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages. Anyone can develop epilepsy.

Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes recurring seizures. Having a single seizure doesn't mean you have epilepsy. Epilepsy is diagnosed if you've had at least two unprovoked seizures at least 24 hours apart. Unprovoked seizures don't have a clear cause.

Symptoms

Seizure symptoms vary depending on the type of seizure. Because epilepsy is caused by activity in the brain, seizures can affect any brain process.

Seizure symptoms may include:

•Temporary confusion.

 

•A staring spell.

•Stiff muscles.

•Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs.

•Loss of consciousness or awareness.

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