Health Advice



Expert alert: Some common youth sports injuries are avoidable

Mayo Clinic News Network on

Published in Health & Fitness

PHOENIX -- As fall and winter sports are in full swing, youth athletics will see a rise in injuries. Tens of millions of children and teens participate in organized sports, and more than 3.5 million sports injuries occur every year.

Fortunately, most injuries that occur with children are not serious and will not need surgery, according to several Mayo Clinic sports medicine experts. In fact, all of these injuries are avoidable. "Listen to your body," says Anikar Chhabra, M.D., an orthopedic surgeon and the director of Sports Medicine at Mayo Clinic in Arizona. "If patients are hurting and they're having injuries, you have to get early treatment to make sure that this doesn't become a longstanding problem." While the injuries typically vary from gender and age groups, he says the most common sports injuries are:

Shoulder or knee dislocation: An injury to the joint, dislocation occurs when the ends of two bones -- connected by the injured joint -- are pushed from their positions. Dislocation is common in impact sports.

Growth plate fractures: A more serious condition, prominent in gymnastics and contact sports, that affects the growing tissue layer near the end of a child's bones.

Little League Elbow or Shoulder: This injury, most common in pitchers, is a result of growth plate injuries.

Muscle sprains: Commonly occurring in the ankle, a sprain is the stretching of a ligament that connects two bones together. In more acute cases, the ligament will tear and may require surgery. This condition is found in most sports.


Muscle strains: Strains, or pulled muscles, are a result of an overstretched or torn muscle or tendon, which connects the muscle and bone. Strains can occur during any sport, but its location varies.

Osteochondritis dissecans: A condition of the joint when a lack of blood flow causes the bone underneath the joint's cartilage to die. It is common in runners and jumping-involved sports.

Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome): A common condition that causes pain to the shinbone, often due to a changed or intensified workout routine. Shin splints are common in runners and dancers.

Patellar tendinitis (jumper's knee): An injury to the ligament connecting the kneecap to the shinbone that allows for walking, running and jumping movements. It is caused by repeated trauma on the patellar tendon. It is most common in sports involving jumping, such as basketball and volleyball.


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