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January US shutdown odds lessen as House GOP softens demands

Erik Wasson, Bloomberg News on

Published in News & Features

WASHINGTON — Ultra-conservatives in the U.S. House on Wednesday softened their demands for deep spending cuts to domestic programs, heightening the odds the two parties can reach a spending agreement and avert a Jan. 20 partial government shutdown.

The shift came after the House has failed to pass bills at the lower spending levels demanded by the House Freedom Caucus, a group of GOP hard-liners with tremendous influence in the narrow Republican majority.

The U.S. government is operating under a temporary spending bill passed this month that funds part of the government through Jan. 19 and the rest through Feb. 2. Differences between the Republican House and Democratic Senate threatened shutdowns after those dates because new Speaker Mike Johnson has vowed not to pass any more temporary spending extensions.

The Freedom Caucus had been pushing for $120 billion in cuts below the $1.59 trillion budget cap level agreed to in a June debt ceiling deal between President Joe Biden and Congress. The caucus opposed that agreement.

Their softened stance now gives Johnson room to negotiate a bipartisan spending deal and resolve a litany of other differences, including a Senate attempt to spend more than the debt ceiling cap allows.

“We realize that $1.47 is not going to happen,” Freedom Caucus Chairman Scott Perry said of his group’s earlier demands for a cap of $1.47 trillion.

Perry said that the group can go along with the higher budget caps. In return, caucus members will insist that no budget gimmicks are used to allow spending above that number.

 

That would mean that a handshake side deal struck between Biden and former speaker Kevin McCarthy to count $20 billion in future Internal Revenue Service cuts would have to be thrown aside. Senators from both parties are also attempting to add $14 billion in spending by designating it an “emergency” not subject to the cap.

“No more gimmicks,” said Perry. “Most of the House voted for it, most of the Senate voted for it. That’s where we have to be,” he added of the caps.

The House has struggled to pass spending bills adhering to the Freedom Caucus’ number given a refusal of Democrats to go along and divisions among Republicans. Bills funding the departments of Agriculture, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, Treasury, Commerce, Justice and Labor among others have failed to pass.

Congressional leaders are hoping to soon agree on top-line levels for the fiscal 2024 spending bills to avoid the shutdowns.

Johnson told Senate Republicans behind closed doors Wednesday that if such a deal on the full-year appropriations bills is not struck by Feb. 2, the House will pass a full-year stopgap bill with programs frozen at current levels. That could trigger a 1% across-the-board cut to defense and non-defense spending at the end of April, under the terms of the debt ceiling law.


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