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International tribunal rules it has authority in case of man killed by US border officials

Kate Morrissey, The San Diego Union-Tribune on

Published in News & Features

SAN DIEGO -- U.S. law enforcement's killing of a man at the San Diego-Tijuana border a decade ago will go on trial before an international tribunal, after the organization decided this week that it has authority to hear the case.

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, part of the Organization of American States, will determine whether officials with Customs and Border Protection violated the human rights of Anastasio Hernandez Rojas and his family. It is the first known case that the organization will hear involving someone killed by U.S. law enforcement.

In 2010, officials beat Hernandez Rojas and shot him with a Taser while they were in the process of deporting him to Mexico. By the time he arrived at a hospital, he was brain dead, and he died days later, according to documents from the case.

Maria Puga, Hernandez Rojas's widow, said that she hopes the international hearing will bring justice to families who have lost loved ones at the hands of border agents.

"This deep wound remains open, and it hurts even more to see that more people are dying not just at the hands of Border Patrol but also at the hands of police," Puga said.

At least one witness filmed what happened to Hernandez Rojas at the San Ysidro Port of Entry and posted it online. Public outrage grew around the case with protesters demanding justice as years passed without an official answer from the criminal investigation that ensued.


About five years later, in 2015, the Department of Justice announced in a press release that it was closing its investigation into Hernandez Rojas's death and that no one involved in his killing would be criminally charged. The department said that Hernandez Rojas had physically resisted the officers who were deporting him.

In 2017, the family reached a $1 million settlement with the federal government in a civil lawsuit over the case.

"The IACHR observes that the fundamental claim in the instant case consists of the alleged torture and extrajudicial killing of victim; the lack of a proper investigation of the facts, and the lack of access to justice for his relatives, which allegedly resulted in the impunity of the perpetrators," members of the international commission wrote in their decision this week.

The commission members believe that many of the officials involved in his death are still on active duty with the Department of Homeland Security.


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