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EPA partially bans a toxic paint-stripper but leaves workers exposed

Anna M. Phillips, Los Angeles Times on

Published in News & Features

WASHINGTON -- The Environmental Protection Agency announced a partial ban Friday on a toxic chemical used to remove paint and varnish, angering groups that have advocated for a complete prohibition of a substance that's been linked to dozens of deaths.

Once the rule takes effect later this year, consumers will no longer be able to buy paint removers containing the chemical methylene chloride. Anyone scanning the shelves of major retailers such as Lowe's and Ace Hardware will discover that it's likely already gone -- many brands committed to phasing it out months ago.

But in a press briefing Friday, EPA Assistant Administrator for Chemical Safety Alexandra Dunn said the chemical will still be available for commercial uses. The agency is considering creating a "federally enforceable training program" for workers who use products containing methylene chloride.

"This chemical has been used in the workplace for some time," Dunn said. "Yes, there have been fatalities, and we are very concerned about those. But that is why today we are looking at receiving input in 60 days about whether it's possible to have a training program, federally proscribed, that would manage the use of this product in a commercial setting."

Dunn left open the possibility that the chemical may be disallowed in the future, if the risks can't be managed.

The agency's announcement is another step in the Trump administration's effort to roll back or significantly weaken Obama-era environmental and public health initiatives.

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In the final days of the Obama administration, agency officials determined that methylene chloride and a similar solvent known as NMP represented "unreasonable risks" to the public's health. They proposed an across-the-board ban on both of them for use as paint strippers. But under Trump, the EPA chose not to go forward with that prohibition.

The EPA's announcement Friday drew sharp criticism from environmental and public health groups, as well as family members of victims who died of exposure to the chemical. These groups had advocated for protections for both consumers and commercial users.

"We will not allow this administration to once again attack our community, because that is what this rule does. It leaves workers blatantly exposed to deadly chemicals," Hector Sanchez Barba, executive director of the Labor Council for Latin American Advancement, said in a statement.

"Latino and immigrant workers are overly represented in jobs that require exposure to deadly working conditions, including paint strippers," he said. "Methylene chloride must be fully banned."

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