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8 Steps in New Home Construction

Richard Montgomery on

Dear Monty: With the shortage of housing currently available, we are considering building a new home. What are the steps in the actual construction process?

Monty's Answer: The construction process transforms a vision into a tangible structure. The steps are in a logical order and each step takes time to complete. The steps below assume you have a lot, detailed blueprint and itemized list of components as well as quotes or estimates. (In a previous article, I've gone into detail on picking a home builder.)

1. The first step of this journey begins with the preparation of the construction site. This initial phase is of utmost importance, as it establishes the groundwork for the entire home. Assuming there is a recorded survey on record, the construction crew begins by clearing the building site of any debris or vegetation.

2. Wooden stakes which serve as a template for the foundation identify the excavating contractor's task. Once the soil is removed, a wooden frame outlining the template is constructed and concrete is poured into it, creating a robust and solid foundation upon which the home will stand.

3. The basement contractor then fastens large metal walls on both sides of the entire template perimeter which are filled with fresh concrete. Once the concrete cures, the construction of frame of the house on the top of the foundation walls begins.

4. This is where the house begins to take physical shape. Skilled carpenters erect the wooden structure that outlines the walls, floors and roof of the home. This stage also includes the installation of windows and exterior doors. These elements not only provide functionality but also contribute to the overall aesthetic of the house. Once the basic frame is in place, roofing and siding are added. These exterior elements protect the house from various weather conditions, ensuring its longevity.

5. Now comes the "rough-in" stage. This stage involves the installation of essential services such as plumbing lines, HVAC ducts and electrical wiring. Typically, these systems are installed in a specific order: first plumbing, then HVAC and finally electrical. Each of these systems is critical for the comfort and functionality of the home.

 

6. Now, insulation is added into the walls, providing the home with thermal efficiency. Then, drywall is hung to form the walls. The drywall is then finished and prepared for painting. This stage also often includes the installation of interior doors, baseboards and other interior trim elements. The process also includes the installation of cabinets and countertops, adding utility and style to the kitchen and bathrooms.

7. After the house has been painted, flooring is installed. The type of floor can vary depending on the homeowner's preference and can include hardwood, laminate, tile or carpet. Each type of flooring adds a different aesthetic and feel to the home.

8. The final stage of the new home construction process is the finish work. This is where the house truly starts to feel like a home. This stage includes installing light fixtures, outlets and switches, as well as bathroom fixtures such as sinks, toilets and showers. It also involves painting the trim and finishing the exterior landscaping.

Throughout each stage, municipal inspections are carried out to ensure that the construction is completed according to local building codes. The new home construction process can take several months to a year, depending on the complexity of the design and any unforeseen challenges, such as inclement weather, material shortages and supply chain delays.

Richard Montgomery is a syndicated columnist, published author, retired real estate executive, serial entrepreneur and the founder of DearMonty.com and PropBox, Inc. He provides consumers with solution options to real estate questions. Follow him on Twitter(X) @dearmonty or DearMonty.com.

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