The notion of a noncontroversial new oil pipeline seems quaint these days, yet Minnesota utilities regulators Thursday approved just such a project.
Enbridge got the green light to reroute a 10-mile stretch of its "Line 4" crude oil pipeline through the Fond du Lac Reservation. The Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa requested and supported the project, which would move Line 4 out of the path of natural and historic features on the reservation.
Meanwhile, Enbridge's plans for its new "Line 3" pipeline remain in suspended animation with some key deadlines coming up within the next two months.
Enbridge operates six oil pipelines in a corridor across northern Minnesota, the primary conduit of Canadian crude into the United States. The Line 4 project approved unanimously by the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission entails a 10-mile replacement pipeline on the outer edges of Enbridge's corridor.
The pipe to be jettisoned was laid in the 1970s and is currently above ground. The Fond du Lac band is concerned that the aboveground pipe creates a barrier to natural water flow and also impedes band members' access to medicinal plants and other culturally important resources, according to a PUC filing.
"The Line 4 (application) represents total collaboration on this project," Sara Van Norman, an attorney representing the Fond du Lac band said at Thursday's commission meeting. Enbridge also stressed the cooperative nature of the pipeline reroute.
By contrast, Enbridge's five-year quest to build a new, 330-mile Line 3 across northern Minnesota has been riven with conflict. The Fond du Lac band was one of at least four Ojibwe bands that were vehemently opposed new Line 3, which would run through historical tribal territory though not across any reservations.
New Line 3, expected to cost $2.9 billion, would follow Enbridge's current pipeline corridor before veering off on a new route. When the PUC approved new Line 3 in June 2018, it ruled that the pipeline would run much closer to the Fond du Lac reservation than originally planned.
So the band and Enbridge made a deal in September that would allow new Line 3 to cross the reservation along the current pipeline corridor. The agreement extended Enbridge's rights of way on the reservation -- for all six of its pipelines -- by ten years through 2039.
Enbridge must remove old Line 3 from the reservation and compensate the tribe for the new right of way agreement. Fond du Lac has not revealed the price tag, but it's likely to be lucrative -- possibly in the tens of millions of dollars -- given other pipeline rights of way deals between Enbridge and Ojibwe tribes over the past decade or so.