Rick Steves' Europe / Travel & Leisure

A blitz tour of Madrid

I'm standing on a tiny balcony overlooking the Times Square of all of Spain, Madrid's Puerta del Sol. Within a 10-minute walk I can visit Madrid's Royal Palace, one of the greatest palaces in Europe; Plaza Mayor, the ultimate town square; or the Prado Museum, which has my favorite collection of paintings under any one roof in Europe.

Just like in New York's Times Square, crowds in Madrid fill this square on New Year's Eve while the rest of Spain watches the action on TV. As Spain's "Big Ben" atop the governor's office chimes 12 times, Madrilenos eat one grape for each ring to bring good luck through each of the next 12 months.

But unlike New York's famous gathering space, this square -- like so many in Europe -- has gone from a traffic nightmare to a more park-like people zone. It's what makes Madrid livable. Car traffic has been limited (made possible by the excellent public transportation system), letting the fine old buildings show off their original elegance in an inviting, wide-open setting.

From Puerta del Sol, I'm going to do a blitz tour of three major sights. I start by strolling toward the Royal Palace (www.patrimonionacional.es), which I consider Europe's third greatest palace (after Versailles, near Paris, and Schonbrunn in Vienna). Over the years, I've probably visited it at least 10 times -- and I always learn more fascinating facts to include in my guidebook.

It's big -- more than 2,000 rooms, with tons of luxurious tapestries, a king's ransom of chandeliers, priceless porcelain, and bronze decor covered in gold leaf. While these days the royal family lives in a mansion a few miles away, this place still functions as a royal palace, and is used for formal state receptions, royal weddings, and tourists' daydreams.

One highlight is the throne room, where red velvet walls, lions, and frescoes of Spanish scenes symbolize the monarchy in a Rococo riot. Another eye-stopper is the dining hall, where the king can entertain as many as 144 guests at a table the size of a bowling lane. The ceiling fresco depicts Christopher Columbus kneeling before Ferdinand and Isabel, presenting exotic souvenirs and his New World "friends" to the royal couple.

My next stop is Plaza Mayor -- a stately, traffic-free chunk of 17th-century Spain. Each side of the square is uniform, as if a grand palace were turned inside out. Whether hanging out with old friends, enjoying a cup of coffee, or finding a treasure at the morning coin market, it's an appealing place where people gather.

Bronze reliefs under the lampposts show how upon this stage, much of Spanish history was played out. The square once hosted bullfights. It was the scene of generations of pre-Lent carnival gaiety. And during the Inquisition, many suspected heretics were tried here and punished by being strangled or burned at the stake. Thankfully, the brutality of the Inquisition is long gone.

My last stop is the Prado Museum, which holds my favorite collection of paintings anywhere (www.museodelprado.es). These artworks give an eye-pleasing overview of Spain's rich history, from its Golden Age through its slow fade.

The Prado is the place to enjoy the great Spanish painter Francisco de Goya. You can follow this complex man through the stages of his life -- from dutiful court painter, to political rebel and scandal-maker, to the disillusioned genius of his "black paintings." It's also the home of Diego Velazquez's "Las Meninas," considered by some to be the world's finest painting, period. In addition to Spanish works, you'll find paintings by Italian and Flemish masters, including Hieronymus Bosch's fantastical "Garden of Earthly Delights" altarpiece.

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(c)2012 RICK STEVES DISTRIBUTED BY TRIBUNE MEDIA SERVICES, INC.



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