There is one essential item in all sandwiches: the bread. From peanut butter and jelly sandwiches to Reubens (one of my favorites), they consist of combinations of items layered between slices of bread. It is even possible to have a sandwich -- of sorts -- with nothing but bread. I recall the stories of a wise man from West Virginia who during...Read more
As we saw in previous segments of this multipart column, early in the colonial era, plantains displaced cassava, becoming the quintessential "black food" of the Caribbean, and not just for those of African descent but for Caribbean peoples of all races and across the socioeconomic spectrum. Today, I invite you -- my treat -- to savor other "...Read more
Throughout the history of African slavery, masters and overseers largely determined the basic diets of slaves, which were often regulated by slave codes. But as with many other impositions, slaves resisted. They altered and supplemented their diet, adding their own recipes and ingredients, okra for example.
In Cuba, Puerto Rico ...Read more
In last week's column we left the Cuban ajiaco simmering inside a Neolithic earthenware bowl.
SPAIN ENTERS THE CUBAN KITCHEN
Spaniards conquered Cuba and established its seven original towns between 1511 and 1519. The largest number of early Spanish immigrants hailed from the South, Andalusia, a region enriched culturally by multiple waves of ...Read more
Foods prepared and consumed by particular communities or nations are excellent windows to the histories and cultures of such groups. Students of food culture, food historians and archaeologists have traced dietary developments among hominins dating back millions of years. They have learned, for example, that our prehuman ancestors incorporated ...Read more
I am both a rookie and a veteran columnist. Rookie because I began writing regular columns only recently, in February 2019 for The Globe Post. Then, a little over a year ago and much to my surprise, Creators Syndicate invited me to join its roster. I am fortunate to be in the good company of columnists like Jeff Robbins, Susan Estrich, Dennis ...Read more
While they were born within three years of each other in Italian cities separated by fewer than 150 miles, Christopher Columbus and Amerigo Vespucci were worlds apart. They represent the profound transitions that impacted parts of Europe circa 1492. Columbus was a man of the past, a medieval explorer who reached conclusions deductively using the...Read more
Part II of this four-part column discussed two Florida bills from 2005 and 2006, one on the teaching of history in public schools, the other pertaining to ideological diversity in the state's universities.
Fast-forward to 2021, a far more polarized political context in which reasonable, honest and civil debates among individuals on different ...Read more
When I joined the faculty of the University of Central Florida in 2004, debates about the teaching of history in public schools and the social sciences and humanities in state universities had intensified, becoming increasingly partisan and politicized.
The Republican-dominated Florida Legislature considered two bills in 2005/2006. One, the ...Read more
Last June, the government of Florida enacted two controversial and seemingly contradictory education mandates. On June 10, at the urging of Florida's Gov. Ron DeSantis, the state's board of education banned the teaching of "critical race theory" in public schools. Later that month, DeSantis signed into law an "intellectual freedom and viewpoint ...Read more
U.S. census race and ethnicity questions and categories continued to change over the 20th century and first two decades of the 21st.
After dropping the "mulatto" racial category in 1900, the U.S. Census Bureau revived it in 1910 and 1920 and finally got rid of it in 1930, when enumerators received instructions to designate as "Negro" any person...Read more