Using the courts to destroy unions
WASHINGTON -- Many conservatives believe in the untrammeled rights of employers. Consequently, they despise unions. They also can't stand it that organized labor usually backs Democrats and they especially detest public employee unions which, by their very nature, advocate for government.
For decades, these same conservatives criticized the politicization of the courts, accusing liberals of "inventing rights," "making new law" and indulging in "judicial activism."
And one more thing: Conservatives of late have charged that liberals refuse to acknowledge the importance of allowing revered and useful social institutions to thrive and maintain their organizational integrity. So, for example, the right insists that religiously linked organizations opposed to contraception must under no circumstances be required to cover birth control in their health plans.
This bundle of contradictions is on open display in the case of Janus v. American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees. Argued this week before the Supreme Court, the suit is an effort to overturn 41 years of settled precedent for the purpose of crippling the American labor movement.
The claimant, Mark Janus, an Illinois state social worker, argues that his First Amendment liberties are violated because he has to pay an "agency fee" to the union even though he is not a member and might disagree with its politics.
On the merits, nothing about the agency fee deprives Janus of his right as a citizen to speak out as he wishes. And the idea behind collective bargaining is that when a majority of employees decide to join a union, its bargaining typically produces higher pay and benefits for the entire bargaining unit. Agency fees pay for this collective effort.
As the nation's Roman Catholic bishops argued in their brief supporting the union, "Without these clauses, unions face a 'free rider' problem that dramatically weakens them and, in turn, their bargaining power on behalf of workers, as experience in 'right-to-work' states to date has borne out. Thus, 'right-to-work' laws are seen to represent a governmentally imposed 'limit [on] the freedom or the negotiating capacity of labour unions.'"
This is precisely why conservative money and influence came together to bring this case. And, as University of Baltimore law professor Garrett Epps observed in The Atlantic, the litigation strategy of "the powerful anti-union advocacy network" was to avoid creating a factual record on the agency-fee issue in the lower courts.
Instead, the anti-labor consortium sought to force the case up to the Supreme Court at a moment when it hoped a conservative majority would reflexively take its side. The record is so thin, Epps noted archly, that the court will be operating "in the dark, with no more grounding in facts than the average afternoon radio call-in show."
To know how political this case is, consider Justice Anthony Kennedy's polemical response to the solicitor general of Illinois, which sided with the union. Kennedy seemed incredulous that the state could have a stable partnership with a union that was fighting for "a greater size workforce, against privatization, against merit promotion ... for teacher tenure, for higher wages, for massive government, for increasing bonded indebtedness, for increasing taxes."