Are you among the ten percent of American households that rely on well water? Or perhaps you’re just concerned about the quality of your city’s water treatment processes? If you’re seeking cleaner water, a water ozonator might be the right tool for your home.
But what is ozone? These systems clear water of harmful heavy metals and bacteria using a complicated oxidative system. To learn more about these innovative water filters and discover whether they’re suitable for your family, read on.
What Is Water Ozone Treatment?
What exactly is water ozone? It’s an oxidant, and a water ozonator utilizes its oxidative properties to remove contaminants from water.
The ozone generated in an ozonator reacts with metals, living organisms, and other microscopic debris. It works by capturing a substance’s electrons and converting them to harmless substances that the machine’s filtration system can capture. It also ruptures the cells of bacteria, parasites, and viruses, which kills them.
This oxidation process can also remove odors and improve the taste of water, which is particularly important for well water or water collected in rainwater harvest tanks.
Two Types of Water Ozonators
There are two main types of water ozonator on the market today. One runs on electricity, and the other creates ozone using UV light.
Electrical ozonators use a process called corona discharge to create ozone. Ozone is naturally produced in the Earth’s lower atmosphere during thunderstorms by lightning. This technology is based on that phenomenon.
A high voltage electrical discharge–the lightning–passes through oxygen gas stored in a chamber. The oxygen is broken down into atomic oxygen and begins to create ozone. This ozone is then pumped through the water to clean it.
UV Light Ozonators
To use UV light to create ozone, it needs to be within the 160-240 nanometer (nm) range. The treatment machine contains a lamp and a quartz sleeve, and the oxygen passes between them.
This process works by splitting oxygen molecules into oxygen atoms. Ozone is formed when the atoms recombine with whole oxygen molecules. Once again, the resulting ozone is passed through the water to treat it.
UV ozonators typically produce less ozone than electrical machines, so they are not as powerful.
What Are the Benefits of Ozonators?
What do ozonators offer over other water treatments? First up, they remove almost any kind of contaminant, including:
- Foul odors and tastes
- Parasites like giardia and cryptosporidium
- Bacteria and viruses
- Hydrogen sulfide
- Harmful heavy metals
Water ozonators are also chemical-free, work even with acidic water, are a tried-and-tested technology (they’ve been around since the early 1900s), and work quickly.
Why Buy a Water Ozonator?
Whether you need to treat rain or well water or are concerned about the safety of your tap water, a water ozonator can help appease your concerns. These systems filter water quickly, are easy to maintain, and will last many years. Hunt around to find the right system for your capacity needs and budget.
For more information on family health and wellness, read the other article on our blog.