In 1809, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled the power of the federal government was no greater than that of any individual state of the Union.
In 1816, The Barber of Seville by Gioachino Rossini opened in Rome.
In 1848, Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto was published in London by a group called the Communist League.
In 1872, the Metropolitan Museum of Art opened in New York.
In 1938, Anthony Eden resigned as Britain's foreign secretary to protest the appeasement policy of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain toward Nazi Germany.
In 1962, U.S. astronaut John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth. He landed safely after three orbits in a Mercury spacecraft.
In 1991, U.S. troops penetrated Iraq, capturing as many as 500 Iraqi soldiers.
Also in 1991, the United States approved a $400 million loan guarantee to Israel for housing Soviet Jewish immigrants but banned use of the money in the occupied territories.
In 1992, Israeli armored ground forces withdrew from Lebanese villages following a one-day assault. Israel defended the incursion as necessary but the U.N. secretary-general protested the action.
In 1998, Tara Lipinski, 15, of the United States became the youngest person to win an Olympic gold medal in figure skating.