After Trump's embrace, Saudi Arabia may find Biden is not so bad

By Nick Wadhams and Vivian Nereim, Bloomberg News on

Published in Political News

WASHINGTON — Under Donald Trump, Saudi Arabia got all the attention it could have wanted from the U.S. — and more. While a Biden presidency looks certain to end the love-fest, the kingdom's leaders may not mind as much as one might think.

King Salman bin Abdulaziz and his son, Crown Prince Mohammed, are set to lose much of what they gained during Trump's four years in office, including hastily approved weapons sales, the easing of pressure over human rights abuses, and not least a back-channel via the president's son-in-law, Jared Kushner.

But the good times came with something less beneficial: an erratic, sometimes unpredictable U.S. foreign policy in which Washington inflamed tensions with Iran and talked tough but never responded forcefully to cruise-missile strikes on Saudi oil facilities.

A Joe Biden administration might seem at first glance like it's all bad for the kingdom and for the crown prince who largely runs the country and assumed his role less than a year after Trump took office. Yet while there will certainly be greater scrutiny, especially over human rights, the country may have an opportunity in a U.S. president who isn't all that different from Trump in regarding Saudi Arabia as a crucial ally in a volatile region.

"What Saudi Arabia has wanted is to be seen as a state like any other, to be a leader in the G-20, to have legitimacy," said Karen Young, a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. "What the Biden administration can offer is to say, 'OK fine, you want to be treated like any other partner in the Middle East, no more special relationship, let's lay it all out.'"

Saudi Arabia will get a fresh chance to burnish its bona fides this weekend when it hosts a virtual summit of the Group of 20 nations. It's still unclear whether Trump will make a video appearance: The White House has refused to say whether he'll attend, as the president pushes claims of voter fraud in the Nov. 3 election that he lost to Biden.


In yet one more sign of the Trump administration's long support for the regime, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will visit the country's leaders briefly on Sunday in the futuristic planned city of Neom.

Saudi Arabia already seems to be adjusting to the new political reality. After initially holding off, its leaders sent cables congratulating Biden and seeking warmer ties with the U.S., according to the Saudi Press Agency. King Salman "praised the historical deep-rooted relations between the two friendly countries, adding that both countries are keen to develop and enhance these relations in all fields," it said.

The Biden transition team declined to comment when asked to discuss the president-elect's approach to Saudi Arabia. But while on the campaign trail, Biden referred to the country as a "pariah" and said he would end support for the war in Yemen, where a Saudi-led coalition has been fighting the Iran-aligned Houthis for more than five years in an effort to restore the internationally recognized government, contributing to one of the world's worst humanitarian crises.

At the same time, Biden has made clear Saudi Arabia is a "critical" partner in preserving stability in energy markets and the Middle East.


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