Racism isn't dying out
That is, we're not talking about young white Americans whose happy formative years took place in a world with (de jure) school segregation, redlining, anti-miscegenation laws and phrenology.
If any had family who fought for the Confederacy, they've been dead for at least a century. No one is telling them about the good ol' days on the plantation.
If anything, parents of the Charlottesville rallygoers have professed ignorance or repudiation of their children's odious beliefs.
So why are millennials, of all people, at the forefront of the small but highly visible resurrection of neo-Nazism?
Some seem to be reactionaries, essentially trolls who may or may not truly believe the anti-Semitic and racist bile that they meme and share to get a rise out of the politically correct left. If youthful rebellion in the 1960s meant embracing free love, peace and equality, then today -- at least for anti-anti-Trumpers -- it is about promoting hatred and structural inequity.
Others may genuinely wish to burn the whole system down.
It is a flawed system, after all, one whose recent financial crisis irreparably scarred millennials' economic prospects. Most anti-establishment millennials have drifted toward leftist populist alternatives, but some have sorted into the opposite (and more violent) extreme. For right-wing populists, the key flaw with the system is not that it allows the rich to hoard all the money, but that it privileges undeserving minorities at innocent whites' expense.
We've already seen a version of this bifurcated youth populism take hold elsewhere. In France's first-round presidential election this year, more young voters chose the Communist-allied far-left candidate. But in second place was far-right ethno-nationalist Marine Le Pen.
Here in the United States, extreme ideology and iconography may also no longer carry the same political baggage they once did. Just as "socialism" is not a toxic word to people who came of age after the Cold War, perhaps aligning with Nazis no longer seems as inherently, reflexively evil for those so far removed from World War II.
More significantly, the presumption that millennials are uniformly more progressive than earlier generations is false.
Millennials overall are more racially tolerant than earlier generations -- but that's because young people today are less likely to be white. White millennials exhibit about as much racial prejudice, as measured by explicit bias, as white Gen Xers and boomers. Yet even young people know that overt racial animus is socially frowned upon, a deal-breaker for those seeking friends, spouses or gainful employment.
At least, they did, until the 2016 presidential campaign. Perhaps it's no wonder that some self-aggrandizing young white men heard a siren call in all those dog whistles: Tomorrow belongs to them.
Catherine Rampell's email address is email@example.com. Follow her on Twitter, @crampell.
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