Is Hollywood's culture ready for real diversity?
And it's not a new idea. After Robin Williams' death it was revealed that on every film or event, he required the company hiring him to put a certain number of homeless people to work.
Yet questions were immediately raised by those who sniffed more than a whiff of racial and gender quotas, which could illegally discriminate against men, whites and the non-disabled.
There can be legal problems, wrote Roger Clegg, president and general counsel of the conservative Center for Equal Opportunity, on Oscar night in National Review Online.
"Suppose that a top salesman for a company said that he'll continue to work there only if no African-Americans are hired. The employer agreeing to such condition would clearly be in violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which bans employment discrimination by private employers."
He has a point. But we also are talking here about entertainment projects which, by their very nature, discriminate by race, gender or ethnicity in casting parts. Where would "Hamilton" be, for example, if directors were not allowed to choose whatever cast diversity they wanted?
As Smith described in a 2016 Ted talk, there's no reason why minor roles in a movie can't reflect the demography of where the story is taking place. "An equity rider by an A-lister (star actor) in their contract can stipulate that those roles reflect the world in which we actually live," she said.
Indeed. I was reminded by her words of the many times I have joked about how the Manhattan depicted in Woody Allen's movies and Jerry Seinfeld's TV comedies curiously has almost no people of color in it. That's show biz.
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But, as much as conservatives mock narcissistic Hollywood liberalism, I am delighted to see breakthroughs that are making room not only for women and minorities but also for the best advantage of diversity: unfettered creativity.
I was delighted to see Jordan Peele become the first African-American to win an Oscar for best original screenplay for his film "Get Out," not just because it is an Oscar-worthy film but also because of its very perceptive originality. He took the everyday racial anxieties in today's liberal America and created a riveting horror movie that makes you think without getting in the way of a genuine entertainment.
It is the sort of movie that might have been created by a filmmaker who was not an African-American, yet was more likely to be created by one who is.
The success of unusual films like "Get Out" and best-movie winner "The Shape of Water," a very unlikely story of love between woman and fish, show Hollywood breaking out of its old habits and taking some high-stakes chances. Artists win when they have more opportunities. Audiences win when we have more choices.
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