There's a common phrase among Southerners: "If you don't like the weather, wait five minutes."
The presumption is that it will get nice soon enough. These days, however, for millions of Southerners enduring unexpectedly cold weather, the wait will be much longer.
Jonathan Kurtz, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service in Norman, Okla., said cold air from near the Arctic Circle in Canada came into the Southern region of the United States and stayed for several days, causing lower temperatures than usual across the South.
Bitter cold has descended on large portions of the country, clogging rivers with ice, forcing schools to close and freezing a water tower in Iowa. The Midwest and New England are used to temperatures around or even below zero. Not so parts of Georgia, where Tuesday the thermometer read 13 degrees.
The frigid weather will remain a few days, with heavy snow in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast. According to the National Weather Service, a quarter-inch of ice and a couple inches of snow are possible Tuesday night and Wednesday from portions of the Florida Panhandle to eastern North Carolina.
Here's a closer look at several Southern states:
After the National Weather Service issued a winter storm warning Tuesday that includes parts of southern Georgia, Gov. Nathan Deal declared a state of emergency for 28 counties.
In the northeast part of the state, it's been so cold people are running their heaters all night, adding stress to the electrical power system, said Greg Brooks, a spokesman for the utility Walton EMC.
A lifelong Georgian, Brooks said residents are used to mild winters, with temperatures usually in the low to mid-50s during the day, and night temperatures dipping into the mid-30s.
On Tuesday morning, Brooks and many Georgians flinched at the 13-degree weather.
That said, it could be worse.
"The dirty word around here is ice, and I don't think any of that is in the forecast," Brooks said.
In south Texas, fishermen were told that their favorite hobby is off-limits for now because of the cold.
The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department issued a two-day temporary closure to saltwater fishing along parts of the coast to protect game fish. A hard freeze can kill fish in shallow bay waters but also cause fish to gather in a few deep areas, where they become sluggish and more prone to being caught by fishermen.
"The high mortality that a freeze can cause may deplete fish stocks for years," Robin Riechers, director of the agency's Coastal Fisheries Division, said in a news release. "Protection of the surviving fish during the few days when they are especially vulnerable to capture would likely shorten the time period for overall recovery of coastal species, especially spotted sea trout."
Texas has about 2 million acres of bays and estuaries susceptible to freeze, according to the agency. There were three major freezes in the 1980s, including one in 1989, when the temperature at Brownsville dropped to 16 degrees. An estimated 11 million fish were killed.
In Mobile, it was cold enough to freeze parts of the bay, an Alabama news site reported.
The National Weather Service in Huntsville anticipates that a very cold, dry arctic air mass will remain in place across the Tennessee Valley, which includes part of Alabama, for much of the upcoming week.
Although mostly sunny to partly cloudy conditions are expected, afternoon temperatures will struggle to approach the freezing mark, and lows will drop into the teens each morning.
An estimated 200,000 visitors were in New Orleans over the weekend, in part for the Sugar Bowl, and it was sometimes easy to tell the out-of-towners from the locals.
"You had some people who came down from the Northeast for the game who weren't wearing jackets at all -- it was 35 or 40 degrees, and they were fine," said Mark Romig, New Orleans Tourism Marketing Corp. president and chief executive. "They probably thought it was a warm front, and others who are from closer to New Orleans, they pulled out their thickest jackets, scarves and gloves."
Barry Keim, Louisiana state climatologist, said the state normally sees lows in the mid-40s and afternoon highs in the low 60s. Currently, temperatures across the state are 20 to 25 degrees below normal.
"This is not record-breaking cold, in terms of the coldest we've ever seen, but we're nipping at extremes for specific days," Keim said.
Gary Sturdivant, a Salvation Army major in Biloxi, says he has never experienced such cold during his five years working in Mississippi.
On Tuesday, the nighttime temperature is expected to dip into the low 20s. WLOX reported that, for the first time in years, ice formed on the Biloxi Back Bay.
Sturdivant said the Salvation Army opens a cold-weather shelter when the temperature is expected to dip below 40 degrees, and for most of 2017, it was hardly open.
On Monday night, almost 50 people came to the shelter -- double the number coming to seek refuge from the cold in previous days.
At church Sunday, Sturdivant made a plea to a group of people who are homeless.
"We're in south Mississippi, so our bodies are not used to that," he told them. "I beg you to come inside, especially with it getting down into the 20s."
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