In 1803, the U.S. Supreme Court established the principle of judicial review with its Marbury vs. Madison decision written by Chief Justice John Marshall.
In 1868, Andrew Johnson, who succeeded Abraham Lincoln, became the first U.S. president to be impeached. He was acquitted in the Senate trial by a single vote.
Also in 1868, the first Mardi Gras parade in New Orleans to include floats marched.
In 1920, a group of Germans organized the National Socialist party, forerunner of the Nazi party later led by Adolf Hitler.
In 1922, Henri Landru, better known as Bluebeard, was executed in France for killing 10 of his girlfriends.
In 1945, U.S. troops liberated the Philippine city of Manila from the Japanese.
In 1946, Juan Peron was elected president of Argentina.
In 1970, National Public Radio was founded.
In 1988, the U.S. Supreme Court defended the right to satirize public figures when it voted 8-0 to overturn a $200,000 settlement awarded the Rev. Jerry Falwell over the parody of him in Hustler magazine.
In 1989, nine people were killed when a 10-by-40-foot section of a United Airlines 747 ripped away from the jetliner's outer skin while en route from Hawaii to New Zealand.