In 1814, Norway claimed independence from the Kalmar Union.
In 1858, French peasant girl Bernadette Soubirous said the Virgin Mary appeared to her at Lourdes.
In 1929, Lateran Treaty signed with Italy recognizing sovereignty of Vatican City.
In 1941, Glenn Miller's Chattanooga Choo Choo was awarded the first gold record, given for sales of 1 million copies.
In 1945, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin ended a wartime conference at Yalta.
In 1965, U.S. and South Vietnamese planes made the first bombing raids on North Vietnam.
In 1970, Japan put a satellite in space, following the Soviet Union, the United States and France.
In 1987, Corazon Aquino was sworn in for a six-year presidential term under the new Philippine Constitution.
In 1990, Nelson Mandela, leader of the movement to end South African apartheid, was released after 27 years in prison.
In 1992, one police officer was killed and four people injured in a terrorist attack on the U.S. ambassador's residence in Lima, Peru.