In 1272, Edward I was proclaimed King of England.
In 1780, Britain declared war on Holland.
In 1789, New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
In 1943, the Battle of Tarawa-Makin, marking the beginning of the U.S. World War II offensive against Japan in the Central Pacific, began.
In 1945, 24 German leaders went on trial at Nuremberg before the International War Crimes Tribunal.
In 1947, Princess Elizabeth, the future Queen Elizabeth II of England, married Philip Mountbatten.
In 1975, Generalissimo Francisco Franco of Spain died.
In 1982, U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced U.S. Marines would go to Lebanon to assist in the evacuation of PLO fighters.
In 1986, the World Health Organization announced a coordinated global effort against AIDS.
In 1991, the United States provided $1.5 billion in food and technical assistance to the Soviet Union, about half of what was requested.