The Past Lives at Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia
By Victor Block
William Byrd III was a man of great stature in Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia. He served in the House of Burgesses and on the Governor's Council. However, due to his lavish lifestyle and gambling addiction he could not live within his income. He lost his wealth and died in 1777 by an apparent suicide.
Christiana Campbell operated one of Williamsburg's most successful taverns, where she hosted the likes of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. Washington's diary includes entries indicating that he dined there 10 times in two months.
Robert Carter III was a wealthy Colonial Williamsburg gentleman who fathered 17 children with his wife, Frances Anne. He is best remembered for freeing his slaves as quickly as he could under the laws then in effect in Virginia.
These historic figures played parts in the fascinating tableau that makes Colonial Williamsburg a perfect place to relive pages from the past. Presentations by authentically attired re-enactors, fact-filled tours led by factually based characters and a wide variety of other interpretive programs combine to involve visitors in the interest, information and fun.
Williamsburg's meticulously restored 17th- to 19th-century historic area provides the Revolutionary and Colonial-era setting in which numerous narratives from that time are dramatically and realistically revived. The 300-acre site clings proudly to countless vestiges of its original appearance and ambience with a strong emphasis upon authenticity.
For nearly a century, from 1699 to 1780, Williamsburg served as the capital of the Virginia Colony. It was named for King William III of England, who held the throne from 1689 to 1702. At that time the vast settlement stretched westward to the Mississippi River, north as far as the Great Lakes and encompassed all of the territory of eight present-day states.
In its early heyday, the town of only about 2,000 residents was the cultural, social and political center of the Colonial world. Before Thomas Jefferson decided to relocate the Virginia capital to Richmond in 1781, he, George Washington, Patrick Henry and other patriots frequented its shops, taverns and various other establishments.
While Williamsburg's fortunes declined after the Revolution, the town and the important role it played in the New World were not forgotten. In 1926, the financier and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr. launched an effort to restore the setting to its former splendor, and the result is one of the largest and most impressive historic projects in the United States. Colonial structures were meticulously renovated to their 18th-century appearance, and missing buildings were reconstructed on their original sites.
Today more than 600 history-touched buildings -- imposing public structures and modest dwellings, bustling taverns and crowded shops -- line shaded streets that echo the clip-clop of horse-drawn carriages. Gardens and "dependencies," including free-standing kitchens, smokehouses and privies, add to the realistic atmosphere and adherence to the past.