Environmental Nutrition: Crack into a pistachio today
There's no denying the call of the pistachio. That smooth, beige shell, with the crunchy green prize tucked within is irresistible.
A favorite American snack, pistachios have been enjoyed since the seventh century BCE and are one of only two nuts (the other is almonds) mentioned in the Bible. Native to the Middle East, pistachios were considered an aphrodisiac by the Queen of Sheba, and Chinese legend says they bring good luck to those who hear the shells pop open while sitting beneath the "smiling pistachio" tree.
Pistachios (Pistacia vera), which are part of the cashew family, along with mango, sumac, and poison oak, grow in grape-like clusters, each nut encased inside its own hull. When ripe, in late summer and early fall, pistachios naturally split open. The drying process opens the shells further. A single, one-ounce serving is 49 nuts, more than any other snack nut, with just 160 calories. Pistachios are also packed with essential nutrients, such as thiamin (16 percent DV), vitamin B6 (18 percent DV), fiber (12 percent DV), and protein (12 percent DV).
Pistachios have high levels of potassium, many vitamins (vitamin K, vitamin B6 and thiamin) and minerals (magnesium, copper, and iron), and certain plant compounds, including carotenoids. Their high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential has been linked to health improvements (The British Journal of Nutrition, 2015). Daily pistachio consumption by adults with type 2 diabetes was shown to improve cardiovascular risk by significantly lowering total cholesterol and the ratio of total to HDL ("good") cholesterol and triglycerides (Metabolism, 2015).
The finer points
Though harvested in late summer/early autumn, pistachios are available year round. They're sold in or out of their shells, raw or roasted, salted, unsalted and seasoned. If in their shells, look for open shells, which are easiest to open. The nuts should be green, sometimes with yellow streaks or spotting. Store pistachios in the refrigerator or freezer, where they'll keep for a year. Pistachios make a terrific snack, eaten out of the shell, blended into nut butter, or combined with dried fruit in trail mix. They also add nice crunch and color to pilaf, veggie saute, whole grain cereal or a healthy yogurt-granola-fruit parfait.