Reflections on a year of real estate during the COVID-19 pandemic
A year ago, we were in a very different place: The COVID-19 pandemic was just beginning, but the real estate market had been running hot. With interest rates and housing inventory near historic lows, most areas of the country were in a solid seller’s market, and most homeowners were enjoying watching their home values appreciate, with their home equity growing (in some locations) by leaps and bounds.
And, then the coronavirus pandemic brought home sales to a near full stop. Last March, home sales fell 8.5% from February 2020. On a seasonally adjusted basis, February sales reached a peak of 5.8 million, and fell to 5.27 million in March. New construction fell about 15%, the worst showing in 6.5 years.
As almost 40 million Americans lost their jobs at the start of the pandemic, the housing market crashed further. Existing home sales fell nearly 18% from March’s lower level, reaching just 4.33 million on a seasonally adjusted annual rate. That was the lowest number since September 2011. New home sales rose slightly, surprising many.
But by April, we were already hearing anecdotal reports that buyers were in gear, looking to unload their condos and smaller rental units and head to the suburbs, and beyond, for larger homes with more space and amenities. By June and July, it was clear that there was a mass migration out of city centers, breathing new life into communities that hadn’t seen this sort of demand since prior to the housing crisis.
Home prices continued to rise, in some cases, dramatically. According to the Zillow Home Value Index, home prices rose 9.1% from the start of the pandemic and are expected to rise more than 10% over the next 12 months. In Boise, Idaho, the typical home value in February 2020 was $339,000. Today, at the time of writing, that same home costs just over $419,000, an increase of about 25%.
In fact, it’s fair to say that nearly everywhere in the country, the housing market is on fire. Even in places that had struggled to recover from the devastating effects of the housing crisis.
According to Realtor.com, since the start of the pandemic, home prices have risen 14.3%, there are 27% fewer new listings than expected during the week of March 7, 2021, 50% fewer homes are on the market and homes are taking less time to sell (by a week).
“The housing market bounced back so much faster than other sectors of the economy that many have forgotten that housing activity slowed to a crawl during the early days of the pandemic,” according to Realtor.com chief economist Danielle Hale.
Many real estate industry observers are concerned that the positive momentum could backslide if people don’t decide to sell their homes. The lack of new listings in the first two months of 2021 means there is a 200,000 gap in new listings, leaving more buyers fighting over fewer homes. Which is why Zillow expects prices to climb another 10% this year.
There are a lot of reasons sellers haven’t moved in the past dozen years. Historic low mortgage rates have a lot to do with it. Last year, mortgage interest rates hit 15 historic lows and were at or near historic lows again in January and millions of Americans refinanced their mortgages, making it incredibly cheap to stay in their homes.