Ask the Builder: Stop hoping and trusting. Here’s why
Over the past five months, I’ve watched the dream of some neighbors I have yet to meet start to take shape on my own street.
It started just after the snow melted when two men arrived with a giant machine that wrestles logs and chain saws. Their job was to cut down and haul away no fewer than 50 trees on the stubborn, hilly building lot.
I remember starting jobs and feeling that excitement. Endorphins rushed through my body when I broke ground on the stunning Queen Anne Victorian home I built back 36 years ago for my family.
Lately, however, as the weeks have progressed, I have begun to fear that my new neighbors' dream is transforming into a nightmare. Sadly, they may not be aware of this. I’ve been chronicling the progress with lots of videos explaining what’s going on. The sad thing is the mistakes I’m seeing are all based on misplaced trust. I get at least 50 emails a week from homeowners who have made the same mistake.
Just days ago carpenters showed up to put the first layers of wood on top of the poured concrete foundation. Weeks ago I witnessed the foundation being installed, and based on my past experience, I sensed there would be mistakes made. My instincts were not wrong.
The lead carpenter should be congratulated because I know for a fact he checked the foundation for level. He might have used a high-quality optical builder’s level or he could have used a laser level. Within a short time, he discovered a long side wall and a short return wall were out of level by 1 1/4 inches. That’s a huge variation, and it's unacceptable.
It’s important to realize that everything that follows is speculation because I was not privy to any conversations. It’s entirely possible the carpenter called the builder to make him aware of the problem. This, by the way, is one of the other mistakes I’ll expound on shortly.
The carpenter should have told the builder that he wasn’t going to install the two sill plates until such time as the out-of-level foundation was corrected using a time-tested thin concrete overlay using coarse sand and Portland cement. This repair could have been done in less than four hours by two men. The materials for the repair would have cost less than $25.
This repair didn’t happen. Instead, the carpenter proceeded to bolt the treated-lumber sill plate to the concrete and then install the untreated plate next. He leveled this second plate using cedar shims that are water-resistant, but not waterproof. That was another mistake.
We already know the foundation contractor made the error. It happened, in my opinion, because he failed to snap level lines on the inside of both sides of the forms. Once the chalk lines were snapped, a worker would install 4- or 6-penny finish nails spaced about every 6 or 9 inches along both chalk lines.