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Pill Posture

Scott LaFee on

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University report that standing or sitting tall helps accelerate absorption and effectiveness of pain relievers taken orally. It's all about fluid dynamics.

Most pills don't start working until the stomach releases their ingredients into the intestine. The closer a pill lands to the antrum, the last part of the stomach before the intestine, the faster the pill begins to dissolve and find its way through the pylorus into the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine.

Good posture can mean a straighter drop into the right part of the stomach.

Kids Nose Better

A study out of the University of Queensland in Australia suggests the reason children have lower COVID-19 infection rates and milder symptoms than adults may lie with the lining of their noses, which have a more pro-inflammatory response to at least some strains of SARS-CoV-2. Specifically, researchers found that ancestral strains of the virus replicated less efficiently in children's nasal passages.

"It could be an adaptation to the increased threats of 'foreign invaders,' such as viruses or bacteria, observed in childhood," said study author Kirsty Short. "It's also possible that increased exposure to these threats in childhood 'trains' the nasal lining in children to mount a stronger pro-inflammatory response. Or alternatively, metabolic differences between children and adults could alter how virus-fighting genes express themselves."

 

Get Me That, Stat!

More than half of Americans favor requiring the public wearing masks on planes, trains, buses and other means of public transportation, compared with 24% who oppose and 20% who didn't have an opinion, according to a recent Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research poll. People over 60 years old were more likely to support mask mandates.

Counts

31: Percentage decline in use of common sleep medications in the U.S. between 2013 and 2018. (It remains to be seen how the pandemic has affected sleep trends.)

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