Entertainment

/

ArcaMax

States with the most homelessness

Joni Sweet on

Published in Slideshow World

David McNew // Getty Images 1/52

States with the most homelessness

“Please stay home.”It’s the maxim of the coronavirus pandemic, repeated over and over by public officials, medical experts, celebrities, and our loved ones—and for good reason. Community isolation is one of the best ways to flatten the curve of coronavirus infections, helping to avoid overwhelming the health care system and ultimately saving lives. Staying home sounds easy enough for most of us. But what if you don't have anywhere to go?

There are more than 562,000 homeless people in the U.S. For them, staying at home is not an option. They may be sleeping in overcrowded and unsanitary environments and in close contact with people who’ve been around hundreds of others. Many people experiencing homelessness also have preexisting conditions that, combined with the other factors, put them at ultra-high risk for COVID-19. At least 460 people in New York City—where more than 85% of the state’s homeless population live—tested positive for the coronavirus by mid-April, according to Meg Black of Global Citizen. And other states and cities across the country have also been dealing with outbreaks among their homeless populations. The situation is both an individual emergency for people at risk and a public health problem that we need to address as a country.

Figuring out what to do about homelessness during the pandemic and after starts with looking at data on which areas of the country have the biggest needs. To determine which states have the largest homeless populations, Stacker used data from the2019 Point-In-Time count conducted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the most recent national data available for homeless populations. The data was collected in January 2019 and released in January 2020. States are ranked here according to the share of their populations that are homeless, using total population data from the2018 American Community Survey. Stacker also looked at a range of news articles, government reports, and papers from nonprofit organizations to explore what homelessness is like in every state.

Click through to learn more about homelessness in every state and the reasons why people end up on the streets.

You may also like: How Americans feel about 30 major issues

Visit thestacker.com for similar lists and stories.

James Kirkikis // Shutterstock 2/52

#51. Mississippi

- State homeless population, 2019: 1,184 (0.04% of state population, -12.4% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 63.5% men, 35.2% women - Race demographics: 47.4% White, 48.5% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.5% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 2.4% Hispanic/Latino, 97.6% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

Almost two-thirds of homeless people in Mississippi are veterans, according to Joshua Tom, a guest columnist at the Clarion Ledger and legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Mississippi. Many cities in the state have been cracking down on panhandling, which can put homeless people in legal trouble and leave them without the cash to meet daily needs.

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 3/52

#50. Louisiana

- State homeless population, 2019: 2,941 (0.06% of state population, -3.9% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 70.0% men, 29.5% women - Race demographics: 38.7% White, 58.0% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 1.2% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 2.8% Hispanic/Latino, 97.2% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: New Orleans/Jefferson Parish (1,179 people, 40.1% of state homeless population)

While Louisiana still has a problem with homelessness, the situation has been improving in recent years. One reason it has gotten better is because organizations in the state began to provide housing first to people who were most vulnerable, rather than those who showed a high chance of success, according to Christa Pazzaglia of HOPE Connections homeless coalition.

BJ Ray // Shutterstock 4/52

#49. Alabama

- State homeless population, 2019: 3,261 (0.07% of state population, -5.0% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 57.4% men, 42.4% women - Race demographics: 42.3% White, 53.4% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 1.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 3.1% Hispanic/Latino, 96.9% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Mobile City & County/Baldwin County (505 people, 15.5% of state homeless population)

A report from the National Low Income Housing Coalitionblames a shortage of homes for the rates of homelessness in Alabama. It found that many of the residences in the state were either out of budget for low-income people or not suited for families.

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 5/52

#48. Virginia

- State homeless population, 2019: 5,783 (0.07% of state population, -3.2% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 59.7% men, 40.1% women - Race demographics: 38.2% White, 53.6% Black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 0.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 8.1% Hispanic/Latino, 91.9% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Newport News, Hampton/Virginia Peninsula (427 people, 7.4% of state homeless population)

A rapid rehousing initiative has helped Virginia curb its homelessness rates by coveringsecurity deposits and rent for people in need, according to Ned Oliver of the Virginia Mercury. Richmond, Virginia, has experienced the biggest decrease in homelessness over the past decade or so.

[Pictured: Richmond, Virginia skyline.]

Jonathannsegal // Shutterstock 6/52

#47. Iowa

- State homeless population, 2019: 2,315 (0.07% of state population, -15.8% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 60.3% men, 39.6% women - Race demographics: 66.1% White, 24.4% Black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 3.9% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 8.5% Hispanic/Latino, 91.5% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Des Moines/Polk County (681 people, 29.4% of state homeless population)

Homeless people in rural parts of Iowa lack access to resources and services that are available in more urban parts of the state, according to Ian Richardson of The Des Moines Register. It can also be difficult for them to be counted or offered services, as they often go unnoticed.

You may also like: Famous declassified government secrets

Senior Master Sgt. David H Lipp/U.S. Air National Guard // Wikimedia Commons 7/52

#46. North Dakota

- State homeless population, 2019: 557 (0.07% of state population, +2.8% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 67.9% men, 32.0% women - Race demographics: 57.8% White, 16.2% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 18.1% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 14.7% Hispanic/Latino, 85.3% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

North Dakota has ahousing affordability problem, according to Michelle Conlin of Reuters. It has caused homelessness rates to spike in the middle of the last decade, even among people who have jobs at high-profit oil and gas companies. Some cities also lacked homeless shelters.

[Pictured: U.S. Army 2nd Lt. Eric Jungels, of the 132nd Quartermaster Company, in south Fargo, North Dakota, Dec. 18, 2015. Jungels slept 10 nights in the tent to bring awareness to the problem of homeless veterans in the United States.]

Jerry Pennington // Shutterstock 8/52

#45. West Virginia

- State homeless population, 2019: 1,397 (0.08% of state population, +12.4% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 62.1% men, 37.9% women - Race demographics: 83.1% White, 13.6% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 2.5% Hispanic/Latino, 97.5% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

The average length of time during that someone goes without a home in West Virginia is58 days, according to 2016 data from the West Virginia Coalition to End Homelessness. Even after they're successfully housed, about a quarter of the homeless people within the state end up back out on the streets.

EQRoy // Shutterstock 9/52

#44. Wisconsin

- State homeless population, 2019: 4,538 (0.08% of state population, -7.5% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 56.8% men, 42.9% women - Race demographics: 56.1% White, 30.7% Black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 5.2% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 9.1% Hispanic/Latino, 90.9% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Milwaukee City & County (885 people, 19.5% of state homeless population)

Wisconsin is among the states with thelargest number of families facing homelessness in rural areas, according to Danielle Kaeding of Wisconsin Public Radio. Lawmakers have been at odds about ways to combat homelessness in the state.

Marianna Ianovska // Shutterstock 10/52

#43. Illinois

- State homeless population, 2019: 10,199 (0.08% of state population, -4.2% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 58.0% men, 41.6% women - Race demographics: 35.1% White, 61.0% Black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 10.1% Hispanic/Latino, 89.9% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Chicago (5,290 people, 51.9% of state homeless population)

Poor renters who have unaffordable housing are among the populations facing a high risk of homelessness in Illinois, according to Housing Action Illinois. The group also found that there were more than 52,000 students in Illinois public schools who had unstable housing situations.

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 11/52

#42. Kansas

- State homeless population, 2019: 2,381 (0.08% of state population, +7.4% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 60.7% men, 39.1% women - Race demographics: 63.8% White, 22.1% Black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 4.9% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 10.3% Hispanic/Latino, 89.7% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Wichita/Sedgwick County (593 people, 24.9% of state homeless population)

Wichita, Kansas, has been working with the police in recent years to help reduce the number ofarrests of homeless people as well as tickets given to them, according to The Chung Report. Instead of legal citations, which can perpetuate the cycle of homelessness, the police department’s Homeless Outreach Team refers homeless people to services that may be able to help them.

You may also like: How top Democratic candidates compare on major issues

Alexey Stiop // Shutterstock 12/52

#41. Indiana

- State homeless population, 2019: 5,471 (0.08% of state population, +4.1% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 59.3% men, 40.3% women - Race demographics: 60.1% White, 35.3% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.8% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 4.5% Hispanic/Latino, 95.5% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Indianapolis (1,567 people, 28.6% of state homeless population)

Indianapolis is on afive-year plan to end homelessness by 2023, according to Maureen C. Gilmer of IndyStar. One of the plan's goals is to cut the amount of time a person or family lives in a shelter from 86 days to 30. The city is working on building 1,100 new permanent supportive housing units for people who are homeless.

Arina P Habich // Shutterstock 13/52

#40. South Carolina

- State homeless population, 2019: 4,172 (0.08% of state population, +6.1% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 63.4% men, 36.4% women - Race demographics: 43.0% White, 51.8% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.9% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 2.9% Hispanic/Latino, 97.1% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

Horry County has the highest rate of homeless people in South Carolina, followed by Richland, Greenwood, and Florence, according to a 2019 report from the South Carolina Interagency Council on Homelessness. The report also found that rural communities lack the resources they need to collect information on homeless populations and provide them with shelter.

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 14/52

#39. Connecticut

- State homeless population, 2019: 3,033 (0.08% of state population, -23.7% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 62.5% men, 37.4% women - Race demographics: 51.5% White, 37.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.8% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 29.6% Hispanic/Latino, 70.4% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Bridgeport, Stamford, Norwalk, Danbury/Fairfield County (771 people, 25.4% of state homeless population)

Most of the people in Connecticut who stay at homeless shelters come from struggling cities in the state, according to Jake Kara of The CT Mirror. Those who come from wealthy towns usually have longer durations of stay at homeless shelters. The state has faced a decline in available beds at shelters in recent years.

ehrlif // Shutterstock 15/52

#38. Michigan

- State homeless population, 2019: 8,575 (0.09% of state population, +2.7% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 58.6% men, 41.2% women - Race demographics: 43.6% White, 50.0% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 1.1% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 6.8% Hispanic/Latino, 93.2% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Detroit (1,965 people, 22.9% of state homeless population)

Homelessness has been increasing in Michigan due to housing prices that are rising faster than incomes, according to Sarah Cwiek of Michigan Radio. The state also has a scarcity of housing that’s affordable and fit for families.

Smart Pro Imaging // Shutterstock 16/52

#37. Ohio

- State homeless population, 2019: 10,345 (0.09% of state population, +0.9% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 59.8% men, 39.9% women - Race demographics: 50.1% White, 44.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 3.8% Hispanic/Latino, 96.2% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Columbus/Franklin County (1,907 people, 18.4% of state homeless population)

Ohio has seen its supply of affordable housing drop, which is contributing to rates of homelessness in the state, according to Bill Faith, executive director of the Coalition on Homelessness and Housing in Ohio, who was quoted in an article by Joseph Cooke of ABC6. Housing costs take up more than half the incomes of 400,000 households in the state.

You may also like: Youngest and oldest presidents in U.S. history

Bruce W. Stracener // Wikimedia Commons 17/52

#36. Arkansas

- State homeless population, 2019: 2,717 (0.09% of state population, +0.2% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 62.1% men, 37.6% women - Race demographics: 60.8% White, 33.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 1.3% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 2.2% Hispanic/Latino, 97.8% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Little Rock/Central Arkansas (1,066 people, 39.2% of state homeless population)

Low-income people in Arkansas face asevere deficit of affordable housing, which is contributing to the rates of homelessness in the state, according to the Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Other causes of homelessness in Arkansas include mental and physical health problems, substance abuse issues, and lack of education.

Tech. Sgt. Brian E. Christiansen/U.S. Air Force // Flickr 18/52

#35. North Carolina

- State homeless population, 2019: 9,314 (0.09% of state population, +0.5% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 61.4% men, 38.4% women - Race demographics: 42.9% White, 51.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 1.0% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 4.4% Hispanic/Latino, 95.6% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Charlotte/Mecklenberg (1,742 people, 18.7% of state homeless population)

Around14% of people in North Carolina who are experiencing chronic homelessness are also coping with a disabling condition such as a serious mental health issue, physical disability, or substance abuse problem, according to the NC Coalition to End Homelessness. While the population of homeless veterans in the state has gone down over the last decade, former military members still comprised 1 in 10 homeless people in North Carolina.

f11photo // Shutterstock 19/52

#34. Kentucky

- State homeless population, 2019: 4,079 (0.09% of state population, +10.6% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 61.1% men, 38.8% women - Race demographics: 70.3% White, 23.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 3.6% Hispanic/Latino, 96.4% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Louisville-Jefferson County (1,071 people, 26.3% of state homeless population)

Around13% of people who are homeless in Kentucky are considered chronically homeless, according to Shaye Rabold, the coordinator for the statewide homeless counting initiative known as K-Count. The vast majority are without a residence because they can't afford rent or have faced a financial challenge like losing a job.

Todd Cromar // U.S. Air Force 20/52

#33. Utah

- State homeless population, 2019: 2,798 (0.09% of state population, -2.7% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 59.8% men, 39.6% women - Race demographics: 77.2% White, 9.9% Black or African American, 1.5% Asian, 4.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 21.7% Hispanic/Latino, 78.3% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

Utah has seen aspike in homelessness over the last few years after once being considered a leading city in the fight to relieve it, according to Gregory Scruggs of Reuters. State officials point to rising housing and land costs, stagnant wages, and the opioid epidemic as the reasons for the increasing rates of homelessness.

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 21/52

#32. Texas

- State homeless population, 2019: 25,848 (0.09% of state population, +2.1% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 63.3% men, 36.4% women - Race demographics: 58.0% White, 37.2% Black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.9% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 26.9% Hispanic/Latino, 73.1% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Dallas City & County, Irving (4,538 people, 17.6% of state homeless population)

Ashortage of affordable housing is the reason for the rate of homelessness in Texas, according to Megan Menchaca of The Texas Tribune. This issue is especially prevalent in urban areas like Austin, Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas-Fort Worth.

You may also like: U.S. cities with the cleanest air

Sgt. 1st Class Jimmy McGuire // Wyoming Army National Guard 22/52

#31. Wyoming

- State homeless population, 2019: 548 (0.09% of state population, -14.2% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 68.6% men, 31.4% women - Race demographics: 83.2% White, 5.7% Black or African American, 0.0% Asian, 5.3% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 12.2% Hispanic/Latino, 87.8% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

A lack of services to address mental health problems and substance abuse in Wyoming is contributing to homelessness in the state, according to Better Wyoming. Some shelters in the state have a zero-tolerance policy against the use of drugs and alcohol, which could leave some homeless people out in the cold in the middle of winter.

Jon Bilous // Shutterstock 23/52

#30. Delaware

- State homeless population, 2019: 921 (0.10% of state population, -14.9% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 59.3% men, 40.5% women - Race demographics: 40.4% White, 51.9% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.4% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 9.0% Hispanic/Latino, 91.0% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

A lack of affordable rental homes is contributing to homelessness in Delaware. For every100 Delaware households that are considered in poverty and need a place to rent, there are just 24 available rental homes in their price range, according to Housing Alliance Delaware, which was cited in an article by Christina Jedra of The News Journal.

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 24/52

#29. New Jersey

- State homeless population, 2019: 8,862 (0.10% of state population, -5.7% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 59.4% men, 40.4% women - Race demographics: 40.0% White, 55.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.9% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 20.2% Hispanic/Latino, 79.8% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

Job loss, trauma, substance abuse issues, systemic poverty, and domestic abuse aresome of the reasons that people in New Jersey are homeless, according to Goodwill Rescue Mission. Around a quarter of the state's homeless population is found in Essex County.

ESB Professional // Shutterstock 25/52

#28. Rhode Island

- State homeless population, 2019: 1,055 (0.10% of state population, -4.2% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 65.4% men, 33.9% women - Race demographics: 62.1% White, 29.3% Black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 1.6% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 24.3% Hispanic/Latino, 75.7% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

The homeless population in Rhode Island primarily consists ofthe working poor, according to Crossroads Rhode Island. Living paycheck to paycheck makes them particularly vulnerable to homelessness if an unexpected expense, job loss, or illness pops up in their lives.

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 26/52

#27. Oklahoma

- State homeless population, 2019: 3,944 (0.10% of state population, +1.9% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 65.4% men, 34.3% women - Race demographics: 61.6% White, 19.1% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 12.2% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 6.9% Hispanic/Latino, 93.1% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Oklahoma City (1,273 people, 32.3% of state homeless population)

Oklahoma City recently approved a$50 million investment in affordable housing to help eliminate homelessness. Some residents are concerned that the plan may encourage homeless people fromother cities and states to move to Oklahoma City, according to Erika Stanish of Fox25.

You may also like: From Stonewall to today: 50 years of modern LGBTQ+ history

Jon Bilous // Shutterstock 27/52

#26. Georgia

- State homeless population, 2019: 10,443 (0.10% of state population, +9.9% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 63.3% men, 36.1% women - Race demographics: 30.4% White, 65.2% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 5.2% Hispanic/Latino, 94.8% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Atlanta (3,217 people, 30.8% of state homeless population)

Homelessness in Georgia has been increasing in recent years. Some advocates and service providers blame adwindling supply of affordable housing for the increased rates of homelessness, according to Jill Nolin of the Georgia Recorder.

Taylor Pecko-Reid/KOMU8 // Flickr 28/52

#25. Missouri

- State homeless population, 2019: 6,179 (0.10% of state population, +5.0% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 55.9% men, 43.6% women - Race demographics: 51.2% White, 41.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 1.2% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 5.0% Hispanic/Latino, 95.0% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Kansas City, Independence, Lee’s Summit/Jackson, Wyandotte Counties, MO & KS (1,979 people, 32.0% of state homeless population)

Kansas City, Missouri, passed atenant’s bill of rights in December 2019 in an effort to protect renters and reduce homelessness. It referred to data that found that at least 9,000 renter families in Jackson County alone were at risk of homelessness due to the number of eviction filings in 2018.

Bumble Dee // Shutterstock 29/52

#24. Pennsylvania

- State homeless population, 2019: 13,199 (0.10% of state population, -2.3% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 58.9% men, 40.7% women - Race demographics: 43.3% White, 51.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 11.8% Hispanic/Latino, 88.2% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Philadelphia (5,735 people, 43.5% of state homeless population)

A lack ofliving-wage jobs is contributing to homelessness in Philadelphia, according to Project Home. Other reasons that drive people into homelessness include a shortage of affordable housing, the disparity between the cost of apartment rentals and minimum wage and other sources of income, high cost of health care, and a lack of support for people with mental health and substance abuse issues.

Wangkun Jia // Shutterstock 30/52

#23. New Hampshire

- State homeless population, 2019: 1,396 (0.10% of state population, -3.7% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 54.3% men, 44.8% women - Race demographics: 84.0% White, 7.2% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 11.8% Hispanic/Latino, 88.2% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Manchester (461 people, 33.0% of state homeless population)

New Hampshire does not have enoughaffordable housing, and that's causing many people to become homeless, according to Dr. Cathy Kuhn of The New Hampshire Coalition to End Homelessness, who was cited in an article by Sarah Gibson of New Hampshire Public Radio. While renters’ incomes have ticked up, they haven’t increased at the same price as housing costs.

Pixabay 31/52

#22. Maryland

- State homeless population, 2019: 6,561 (0.11% of state population, -8.2% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 61.7% men, 38.0% women - Race demographics: 36.4% White, 57.6% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 4.1% Hispanic/Latino, 95.9% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Baltimore (2,294 people, 35.0% of state homeless population)

Thehigh cost of housing in Maryland is making it hard for many people to afford a place to live, according to Health Care for the Homeless. The organization estimates that a person would need to work more than three full-time jobs at minimum wage to cover the fair market rent for an apartment with two bedrooms in the state.

You may also like: Countries that have mandatory voting

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 32/52

#21. Tennessee

- State homeless population, 2019: 7,467 (0.11% of state population, -5.3% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 62.0% men, 37.8% women - Race demographics: 57.2% White, 38.7% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 2.7% Hispanic/Latino, 97.3% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Nashville-Davidson County (1,986 people, 26.6% of state homeless population)

While Nashville, Tennessee, had a surplus of around2,000 affordable rental properties in 2000, it had a shortfall of 18,000 units by 2015, according to Open Table Nashville. The lack of affordable housing options is making it difficult for the working class to find a place to live and may be contributing to homelessness.

Sopotnicki // Shutterstock 33/52

#20. South Dakota

- State homeless population, 2019: 995 (0.12% of state population, -14.2% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 60.8% men, 39.1% women - Race demographics: 28.6% White, 7.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 61.2% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 5.0% Hispanic/Latino, 95.0% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

Native Americans in South Dakota face a disproportionately high rate of homelessness compared with other groups. The reservations of the state’s federally recognized tribes tend to have high rates of poverty, while members who go to cities in search of work often end uphomeless, according to Cecily Hilleary of Voice of America.

Aspects and Angles // Shutterstock 34/52

#19. Nebraska

- State homeless population, 2019: 2,365 (0.12% of state population, -2.3% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 63.2% men, 36.6% women - Race demographics: 66.8% White, 23.1% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 3.1% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 11.0% Hispanic/Latino, 89.0% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Omaha, Council Bluffs (1,410 people, 59.6% of state homeless population)

Omaha, Nebraska, implemented anew job-placement program for homeless people and others who are struggling to make ends meet in February 2019. The city also had plans to open a new homeless shelter in December 2019, according to a November 2019 article from Tara Campbell of WOWT.

Nick Fox // Shutterstock 35/52

#18. Montana

- State homeless population, 2019: 1,357 (0.13% of state population, -3.4% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 58.4% men, 40.9% women - Race demographics: 66.7% White, 2.7% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 17.2% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 10.8% Hispanic/Latino, 89.2% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

Jim McGrath, a representative of the Missoula Housing Authority, has expressed concern that recentbudget cuts to Montana’s mental health and disability services may drive up homelessness, according to Eric Whitney of Montana Public Radio. Most cities in the state have seen homelessness decline in recent years.

Charles Knowles // Shutterstock 36/52

#17. Idaho

- State homeless population, 2019: 2,315 (0.14% of state population, +15.1% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 60.1% men, 39.7% women - Race demographics: 82.2% White, 3.2% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 7.1% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 11.1% Hispanic/Latino, 88.9% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Boise/Ada County (713 people, 30.8% of state homeless population)

Officials in Boise, Idaho, have been engaged in alegal battle to issue anti-camping violations to homeless people in the city, according to David Lightman of the Idaho Statesman. Many homeless people in the state have serious mental health or substance abuse problems.

 

Tamanoeconomico // Wikimedia Commons 37/52

#16. Florida

- State homeless population, 2019: 28,328 (0.14% of state population, -8.7% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 64.8% men, 34.9% women - Race demographics: 55.0% White, 40.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.8% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 13.0% Hispanic/Latino, 87.0% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Miami-Dade County (3,472 people, 12.3% of state homeless population)

Florida is facing a deficit of nearly430,000 available and affordable rental units for low-income people, according to 2019 data from the National Low Income Housing Coalition. The lack of budget-friendly housing may be primarily to blame for homelessness in the state.

Charles T. Peden // Shutterstock 38/52

#15. Arizona

- State homeless population, 2019: 10,007 (0.14% of state population, +1.4% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 62.9% men, 36.8% women - Race demographics: 63.1% White, 19.1% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 9.2% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 23.2% Hispanic/Latino, 76.8% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Phoenix, Mesa/Maricopa County (6,614 people, 66.1% of state homeless population)

There are more than1,500 homeless encampments in Phoenix, Arizona. When the city gets a complaint about an encampment, it sends an outreach team to offer services that can help, such as detox programs, according to Jessica Boehm of The Republic.

Fibonacci Blue // Flickr 39/52

#14. Minnesota

- State homeless population, 2019: 7,977 (0.14% of state population, +10.1% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 55.0% men, 44.6% women - Race demographics: 34.9% White, 43.3% Black or African American, 1.4% Asian, 11.8% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 7.3% Hispanic/Latino, 92.7% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Minneapolis/Hennepin County (3,400 people, 42.6% of state homeless population)

Around39% of homeless people in Minnesota say they left their last residence due to a lack of lease renewal or an eviction, according to the 2018 Minnesota Homeless Study. Another 38% say they can’t afford rent or mortgage payments.

turtix // Shutterstock 40/52

#13. New Mexico

- State homeless population, 2019: 3,241 (0.15% of state population, +27.0% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 59.5% men, 39.4% women - Race demographics: 56.8% White, 5.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 26.0% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 42.0% Hispanic/Latino, 58.0% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Albuquerque (1,524 people, 47.0% of state homeless population)

There’s a new$30 million homeless shelter in the works in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Some people quoted in a report from Jeannie Nguyen of KRQE Media said that homeless people from other states are coming to New Mexico in the hopes of accessing more resources.

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 41/52

#12. Maine

- State homeless population, 2019: 2,106 (0.16% of state population, -16.3% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 51.9% men, 47.2% women - Race demographics: 75.1% White, 17.8% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 2.0% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 4.7% Hispanic/Latino, 95.3% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

Only five states—one of which is Maine—have found a way to shelter aminimum of 95% of their homeless residents, according to a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development report cited in an article by Taylor Cairns of WGME. However, housing advocates say Maine’s homelessness ratesfail to count the total number of homeless people in the state, according to Bangor Daily News.

You may also like: What the world's most polluted beaches look like today

Staff Sgt. Matthew Coleman-Foster // U.S. Air Force 42/52

#11. Colorado

- State homeless population, 2019: 9,619 (0.17% of state population, -11.4% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 65.4% men, 33.7% women - Race demographics: 65.0% White, 17.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 6.1% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 23.0% Hispanic/Latino, 77.0% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Metropolitan Denver (5,755 people, 59.8% of state homeless population)

Stagnant wages and a shortage of affordable housing are some of the reasons why Denver, Colorado, has a high rate of homelessness, according to executive director of the Metro Denver Homelessness Initiative Matt Meyer. Families with children account fornearly a quarter of the homeless people in the city, according to the 2019 Point in Time count.

Sean Pavone // Shutterstock 43/52

#10. Vermont

- State homeless population, 2019: 1,089 (0.17% of state population, -15.6% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 56.6% men, 42.3% women - Race demographics: 84.9% White, 7.8% Black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 0.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 3.9% Hispanic/Latino, 96.1% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Burlington/Chittenden County (309 people, 28.4% of state homeless population)

In mid-June 2020, Vermont officials unveiled a plan to move about2,000 homeless people who were formerly in shelters but currently living in hotels and motels into permanent housing, according to Kevin McCallum of Seven Days. The plan will cost $23 million, more than half of which will come from the state’s coronavirus relief funds.

Staff Sgt. Christopher Hubenthal // U.S. Air Force 44/52

#9. Nevada

- State homeless population, 2019: 7,169 (0.25% of state population, -5.0% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 70.3% men, 29.2% women - Race demographics: 59.9% White, 30.8% Black or African American, 2.0% Asian, 2.6% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 13.2% Hispanic/Latino, 86.8% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Las Vegas/Clark County (5,530 people, 77.1% of state homeless population)

Nevada was recently awarded nearly$33.5 million from the Department of Housing and Urban Development to help homeless families during the pandemic, according to Jeniffer Solis of the Nevada Current. The money will be used to build emergency shelters, offer vouchers for hotels or motels to families in need, and provide rapid rehousing.

The Alaska Landmine // Flickr 45/52

#8. Alaska

- State homeless population, 2019: 1,907 (0.26% of state population, -5.4% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 59.6% men, 39.9% women - Race demographics: 35.0% White, 8.6% Black or African American, 1.9% Asian, 40.1% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 5.5% Hispanic/Latino, 94.5% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Anchorage (1,111 people, 58.3% of state homeless population)

Recent budget cuts in Alaska have made things more difficult for the state’s homeless population.Some shelters in Anchorage had to shut down during the day and put people on the streets, while overcrowded quarters in rural areas often leads to health problems for at-risk people, according to Ben Kesslen of NBC News.

Marcio Jose Bastos Silva // Shutterstock 46/52

#7. Massachusetts

- State homeless population, 2019: 18,471 (0.27% of state population, -8.0% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 50.4% men, 49.4% women - Race demographics: 52.4% White, 34.8% Black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 40.0% Hispanic/Latino, 60.0% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Boston (6,242 people, 33.8% of state homeless population)

Some of theleading causes of homelessness in Massachusetts are the state’s high cost of houses and apartments and a lack of housing subsidies, according to Kelly Turley, associate director at the Massachusetts Coalition for the Homeless. The state has been experiencing some of the highest rates of growth in homelessness in the country.

You may also like: Former jobs of the governor of every state

VDB Photos // Shutterstock 47/52

#6. Washington

- State homeless population, 2019: 21,577 (0.30% of state population, -3.3% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 56.5% men, 40.9% women - Race demographics: 58.3% White, 20.6% Black or African American, 2.4% Asian, 8.1% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 14.2% Hispanic/Latino, 85.8% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Seattle/King County (11,199 people, 51.9% of state homeless population)

The rapid increase of rents in Washington is the leading factor driving homelessness, according to the Washington State Department of Commerce. Nonprofit organizations in the state provide housing for more than 98,000 people who are experiencing homelessness each year.

David McNew // Getty Images 48/52

#5. California

- State homeless population, 2019: 151,278 (0.39% of state population, +16.4% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 65.0% men, 33.4% women - Race demographics: 54.3% White, 29.1% Black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 4.5% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 31.4% Hispanic/Latino, 68.6% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Los Angeles City & County (56,257 people, 37.2% of state homeless population)

The primary reason people become homeless in California isunaffordable rent, according to CalMatters. The state has around 1.3 million renter households that fall into the “extremely low income" category, taking home less than $25,000 annually.

Visitor7 // Wikimedia Commons 49/52

#4. Oregon

- State homeless population, 2019: 15,876 (0.39% of state population, +9.7% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 60.2% men, 39.0% women - Race demographics: 80.9% White, 5.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 4.9% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 9.9% Hispanic/Latino, 90.1% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Portland, Gresham/Multnomah County (4,015 people, 25.3% of state homeless population)

High rents and a shortage of housing puts tens of thousands of families with children at risk of homelessness in Oregon. Manychronically homeless people in the state are also struggling with a lack of intensive social services and housing specialized to their needs, according to the Oregon Community Foundation.

Theodore Trimmer // Shutterstock 50/52

#3. Hawaii

- State homeless population, 2019: 6,412 (0.45% of state population, -1.8% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 58.9% men, 40.4% women - Race demographics: 22.5% White, 3.7% Black or African American, 8.8% Asian, 0.7% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 13.3% Hispanic/Latino, 86.7% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

Subpar wages andultra-high housing costs are two of the reasons why Hawaii has such a large homeless population, according to Melanie Schmitz of Bustle. In 2014, the state created a$1.3 million initiative to provide flights for homeless people in Waikiki to the continental U.S. in an effort to curb homelessness, according to Robbie Couch of the Huffington Post.

Eduardo Munoz Alvarez // Getty Images 51/52

#2. New York

- State homeless population, 2019: 92,091 (0.47% of state population, +0.2% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 52.9% men, 46.7% women - Race demographics: 22.7% White, 70.0% Black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.4% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 33.3% Hispanic/Latino, 66.7% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: New York City (78,604 people, 85.4% of state homeless population)

A shortage ofaffordable housing is driving the increasing rates of homelessness in New York City, according to Daniel Brown of Business Insider. More than 60,000 people lived in the shelter system, while another 4,000 spent the night in the subways, on the streets, or in other areas around the city.

Chip Somodevilla // Getty Images 52/52

#1. Washington DC

- State homeless population, 2019: 6,521 (0.95% of state population, -5.5% change from 2018) - Gender demographics: 58.6% men, 40.6% women - Race demographics: 6.3% White, 89.4% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% Native American or Alaska Native - Ethnicity demographics: 4.8% Hispanic/Latino, 95.2% Non-Hispanic/Latino - Urban area with the largest homeless population: District of Columbia (6,521 people, 100.0% of state homeless population)

Around39% of homeless people in Washington D.C., say that the loss of a job is what’s responsible for their lack of shelter, according to a survey from the 2019 Point-in-Time count. The District is the only place in the region that guarantees shelter for people in need during the winter—a policy that some officials say draws homeless people from other areas, according to Martin Austermuhle of WAMU. However, the survey also indicated that the majority of homeless people in Washington D.C., lived there before they became homeless.

You may also like: Counties with the highest rate of food-insecure children


© 2020 Stacker Media, LLC; Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC
 

Notice: ArcaMax will be switching out comment system over to Facebook comments on 6/22

Comments

blog comments powered by Disqus
 

Social Connections

Comics

Tom Stiglich Drew Sheneman Reply All Marvin Ken Catalino Macanudo