The new schedule will be considerably more structured than in March, when school districts across California had to almost instantly convert from on-campus instruction to distance learning. At that time, there were no fixed requirements for what teachers would have to do across the nation's second-largest school system, although there were some expectations at individual schools.
The district and the union weathered criticism when they agreed in April to require only 20 hours of work per week from teachers. The format of instruction was essentially unspecified to give teachers and students maximum flexibility, emphasizing compassion over rigor. Many teachers said that the flexibility allowed them to work more effectively.
Some parents, however, complained of limited contact with teachers, and student engagement was disappointing, especially among Black and Latino students and among students who were part of low-income families. Some teachers reported a decline in student effort after the district did away with failing grades and stipulated that no student would receive a final grade lower than what it was when campuses shut down.
A group of parents last week threatened to sue the district if the learning environment did not improve considerably.
Concerns over academic progress spurred state lawmakers to insert instructional requirements into the budget bill, requiring teachers to take online attendance and document student learning. The rules reimposed the state's minimum daily instructional minutes of 180 for kindergarten, 230 minutes for grades 1 through 3, and 240 minutes for grades 4 through 12.
Before the weekend, the union also had objected to a proposal that would have required teachers to work online from their empty classrooms. The district dropped that demand on Wednesday, according to the union.
In addition the district has agreed to a union demand to suspend annual performance evaluations of tenured teachers for the soon-to-begin academic year. The union also achieved other concessions in terms of supervision and evaluation, citing the unusual circumstances of the pandemic. Administrators, for example, must give notice before joining virtual courses and web-conferencing sessions. And live instruction cannot be recorded by the district without prior notice and the consent of the instructor.
Through early Monday morning, district officials declined to discuss negotiations. In recent interviews, however, L.A. schools Superintendent Austin Beutner has said that he and union leaders shared common cause in wanting instruction to be effective and to be carried out safely.
Under orders by Gov. Gavin Newsom, public and private schools located in counties on the state's "watch list" cannot reopen for the start of school amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Campuses could potentially reopen once virus transmission recedes and stabilizes for 14 days. Elementary schools can petition to reopen sooner.
The agreement would be in effect through December or until campuses reopen. Negotiations are continuing over how things would work when campuses are allowed to reopen.
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