The legislation approved Monday in essence expands that prohibition to state lands near federally protected lands.
The bill bars any state agency from granting land leases or other conveyance for pipelines and infrastructure for any new oil or gas project on those federal sites. That includes the State Lands Commission, which has jurisdiction over all submerged lands and the beds of rivers, lakes, bays, estuaries and inlets, as well as waters extending three miles off shore.
"It is a big signal to Trump that California is not going to stand by and allow him to expand fossil fuel extraction and contribute to a worsening of the climate change emergency," said Kathryn Phillips, director of Sierra Club California.
Under the legislation, oil and gas companies still would have the right to enter into leases to use privately held land for infrastructure.
Senate Minority Leader Shannon Grove, a Bakersfield Republican, accused the bill's supporters of trying to put California's oil and gas industry out of business, saying the legislation will have an especially harsh impact on the Central Valley.
"This is a blatant attack on the oil industry," said Grove, whose district is in the heart of California oil country.
Grove and other critics said curtailing oil production in California will only lead to an increase in oil imports from outside areas that don't have the state's strict regulations and environmental protections.
The bill would increase the demand for foreign oil, eliminate jobs and will have no environmental benefits, said Sabrina Lockhart, spokeswoman for the California Independent Petroleum Association, which represents approximately 500 independent crude oil and natural gas producers, royalty owners and other industry-related companies in the state.
While the legislation provides an exemption for existing leases for oil pipelines and other infrastructure that cross state lands, the petroleum association says it is not ironclad. The State Lands Commission has the authority to determine what a new lease is, and could classify a renewal application as a new lease and deny it, Lockhart said.
In April, the Trump administration announced details of its plan to open more than a million acres of public and private land in California to fracking, ending a five-year moratorium on leasing federal land in California to oil and gas developers. Trump's plan targets public and private land spread across eight counties in Central California: eastern Fresno, western Kern, Kings, Madera, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Tulare and Ventura.
Some of the parcels in the plan are also adjacent to Los Padres National Forest, Carrizo Plain National Monument and the Wind Wolves Preserve.
In July, the Bureau of Land Management halted plans to drill an oil well in the Carizzo Plain National Monument in San Luis Obispo County, which would have been the first well since the monument was established by President Clinton in 2001, according to the San Luis Obispo Tribune.
"We do not want fracking. We do not want new oil wells in San Luis Obispo County," said Charles Varni of the Coalition to Protect SLO County, which supported an unsuccessful local ballot measure in 2018 that would have banned all fracking and new oil wells.
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