WASHINGTON -- The White House has now tabled, at least temporarily, any discussion of oil sanctions against Venezuela, due in part to worries that cutting fuel supplies would only hurt Americans struggling after Hurricanes Harvey and Irma, according to two sources familiar with the planning.
"The White House is eager to tighten the noose on Maduro, but not at the expense of American motorists," said a former National Security Council official familiar with the planning.
According to a senior administration official, Trump's team wants see how the last round of sanctions affects Caracas. And before moving on oil sanctions, that official said Washington also would need to determine how such a punishment would hurt the U.S. oil industry and gasoline consumers, still reeling from Harvey and Irma.
"We're tracking it, of course," said the senior administration official of the hurricanes' effect on oil supplies. "What we'll have to watch is how the refineries in the region respond to any damage and destruction. What that does as far as oil prices for the United States."
The United States escalated its pressure on Venezuela last month with the toughest set of penalties since President Nicolas Maduro engineered a vote for a new constituent assembly that stripped democratically elected lawmakers of their power.
The last set of sanctions blocked Venezuela's ability to borrow money from American creditors. They also banned its state oil company's U.S. subsidiary, Citgo, from sending dividends back to Venezuela.
The Trump administration has promised to continue ratcheting up the pressure on Caracas until the Venezuelan government restores some democratic institutions. Aides have provided President Donald Trump with an "escalatory road map" that outlines options, including more individual sanctions and measures meant to strangle Venezuela's economy. These are seen inside the administration as maneuvers that can be taken one by one until Washington sees evidence that Maduro is complying with demands from neighbors in the hemisphere.
"We're not content where things are in Venezuela," the senior administration official said. "Our policy objective here is to restore democracy. We've made that clear."
But Trump, so far, has stopped short of applying the so-called "nuclear option" -- oil sanctions -- that could starve the oil-dependent Caracas government of desperately needed cash during a spiraling economic and humanitarian crisis.
That is partly because White House officials simply want to give the latest round of sanctions time to hurt Maduro. They are watching particularly closely whether Venezuela can meet a looming deadline to pay off some $4 billion in debt, a sum that Caracas does not have in liquid assets.