Koch Industries has supplanted Cargill Inc. as America's largest private company for the first time in 12 years.
It's only the third time in Forbes' 35-year history of ranking America's private companies that Minnesota-based Cargill wasn't the largest.
Forbes ranks companies by their annual sales and the gap between Koch and Cargill is relatively narrow — just $400 million.
Koch Industries, a Wichita, Kan.-based conglomerate with interests in energy, chemicals and many other industries, had an estimated revenue of $115 billion in 2019, representing a 4.5% growth over the previous year. Cargill reported fiscal year 2020 revenue of $114.6 billion, an increase of $1.1 billion over the year prior.
Cargill, as one of the world's largest food and agriculture companies, faced a series of challenges last year, including the U.S.-China trade war, African swine fever and — to top it all off — a pandemic that affected its 155,000-person global workforce in various ways.
"This was a year that tested all assumptions: about how markets and supply chains function in an age of global interdependency; about what it means to truly deliver for customers, consumers and communities; and about how companies can and should operate in a crisis," Dave MacLennan, Cargill's chief executive, said in its annual report.
Cargill debuted at the No. 1 spot with revenue of $30 billion in 1985 when Forbes began publishing list of private companies. The private company list is a bit squishier than public company rankings. Revenue figures are pulled from voluntary disclosures, Securities and Exchange Commission filings — which are required in instances of publicly traded debt — and estimates from Forbes researchers and outside sources.
According to Cargill, it reinvests on average 80% of its operating cash flow back into the company.(c)2020 Star Tribune (Minneapolis) Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC