Mapping America's response to the coronavirus pandemic compared with other countries hasn't been a simple task, not least because of the densely obscuring smoke issuing from the Trump White House. But a new analysis points to an inescapable conclusion.
How much worse than other rich countries has the U.S. done in fighting COVID-19 and protecting its economy? Much, much worse. Incredibly worse.
The analysis comes from Harry J. Holzer, a professor of public policy at Georgetown University and a fellow at the Brookings Institution, which published his report on Wednesday and an earlier version in June.
Here's Holzer's bottom line: "Both employment and health outcomes for the U.S. during the pandemic have been worse than in almost any other high-income country in the world."
Had the U.S. merely matched the average unemployment rate changes among the richest members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, or OECD, "at least 8.6 million more Americans would be employed today." An equivalent record on COVID-19 deaths per capita would have resulted in the saving of 112,540 American lives.
About 13.6 million Americans were unemployed in August, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. About 190,000 people have died in the U.S. from COVID-19, according to the Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center.
Holzer doesn't delve too deeply into the factors underlying this dismal record. He does observe, however, that "other countries have made much greater use of payroll subsidies that keep workers connected to their jobs."
Among other factors, other countries took steps to ensure that workers were furloughed rather than unemployed, by directly subsidizing payrolls in ways that kept workers connected to their employers and reduced their risk of being permanently let go.
"Every month, we're seeing that the fraction of American layoffs that are permanent is growing," Holzer told me. In May, the University of Chicago projected that as many as 42%, or 11.6 million, of all job losses through April 25 due to the pandemic would become permanent.
In the U.S., Congress and the White House have allowed the Payroll Protection Program, which offered businesses loans that could be forgiven if they maintained employment, to expire. The program, Holzer notes, was not as widely exploited as employment protection arrangements in other countries. A $600-per-week federal unemployment benefit also expired at the end of July.