US job cuts ease in ADP data, suggesting hope for rebound

Reade Pickert, Bloomberg News on

Published in Business News

U.S. companies cut payrolls in May at one-third of the forecast pace, a private report showed, offering some hope that the worst of the coronavirus-related hit to the labor market is over.

The 2.76 million decline in business payrolls last month followed a revised 19.6 million decrease in April, according to ADP Research Institute data released Wednesday. The drop in May was smaller than all but one estimate in a Bloomberg survey of 39 economists. The median projection called for a decline of 9 million.

U.S. stocks rose along with Treasury yields following the report.

The ADP figure was a surprise in part because initial filings for state unemployment insurance totaled more than 12 million in the four weeks that would have been covered by the report. Analysts cautioned that the ADP numbers have often differed from the Labor Department's official readings and the latest report doesn't necessarily mean that the government's numbers will line up, though it does likely confirm that job losses moderated in May.

What may have happened is analysts underestimated the pace of rehiring by businesses, for which there are fewer reliable gauges. Michael Englund of Action Economics, the only economist who had an ADP job-loss estimate smaller than the reported number, said initial jobless claims are less useful as a guide to projecting the figure at the moment than continued claims, which registered an increase of about 3 million during the same four weeks.

Using a metaphor of a bathtub where the drain is unplugged but the faucet is still on, Englund said that "the flow into the tub of unemployed is continuing with initial claims, but we've pulled the plug on the bottom of the tub -- people are clearly returning to work, businesses are opening."


Even a White House adviser injected a note of skepticism, though.

"It's way lower than I expected, in a good way," White House economic adviser Kevin Hassett said on Fox Business as the ADP numbers landed. "The number is so good, it's such good news, that I'd really have to dig deep into it to see if there's not something funny going on because that's pretty far removed from what we would get if we just added up the claims data and so on from the last survey."

Depression Level

If the ADP numbers prove similar to the Labor Department's survey, economists are overestimating the damage to jobs in May. Friday's report is forecast to show private payrolls fell by 7.5 million in May, and the unemployment rate, already at the highest level in records dating back to the 1940s, is estimated to surge even higher to Great Depression-like levels.


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