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US pursued Huawei CFO's arrest despite risk to trade talks with Xi

Jennifer Epstein, Bloomberg News on

Published in Business News

WASHINGTON -- The Trump administration arranged the arrest of Huawei Technologies Co.'s chief financial officer aware of potential blowback in trade talks with Beijing but intent on showing resolve to crack down on Chinese companies accused of violating U.S. law.

The arrest happened about the same time that President Donald Trump dined with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Buenos Aires to discuss the trade war between the countries.

White House national security adviser John Bolton, who sat at the table with Trump and Xi, knew in advance of the U.S. request that Canadian authorities arrest Huawei CFO Wanzhou Meng, he told National Public Radio Thursday. After Bolton's interview, a White House official said that Trump was not aware of the arrest in advance, distancing the president from the provocative move.

But planning for the arrest was well underway as Trump prepared for a dinner that he said later resulted in "an incredible" deal with Xi -- an agreement that may be in danger of unraveling after Chinese officials learned of Meng's capture and pending extradition to the U.S.

The U.S.-orchestrated detention of a leading figure in the Chinese technology industry -- Meng is the daughter of Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei and a possible heir to his company -- undercuts a key goal for Xi in the U.S. talks: to show relations between the U.S. and China returning to a more normal footing. The Chinese president has sought to prevent the economic conflict from spilling into other sensitive areas such as Taiwan or the disputed shipping lanes of the South China Sea.

Canadian authorities detained Meng as she was changing planes in Vancouver at the request of the U.S., which alleges that Huawei violated U.S. sanctions on Iran. The same day, Trump and Xi were meeting for the first time in more than a year.

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The timing of the move against Meng was coincidental, driven by an itinerary that put her on Canadian soil on Saturday, said a person familiar with the matter. Even so, the White House didn't delay or block the action.

Meng's arrest is part of an ongoing investigation by U.S. prosecutors into whether Huawei violated banking laws as it sought to evade sanctions against Iran by routing a series of transactions through HSBC Holdings Plc, according to a person briefed on the matter.

The U.S. request for Meng's extradition stems from a Trump administration campaign to increasingly hold Chinese nationals accountable for committing crimes, said a second person familiar with the matter, who asked not to be identified speaking about the sensitive issue.

Bolton, in addressing the arrest in the NPR interview, stressed that the conduct of Chinese companies -- and especially technology companies -- is a central issue in the trade dispute with the U.S. That includes theft of U.S. intellectual property by Chinese actors and forced technology transfers from U.S. companies to Chinese partners in joint ventures, he said.

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