Talk about the best birthday present ever. You've got to think that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. will be smiling down as we, on the same day, celebrate his birth and the second inauguration of Barack Obama, our first African-American president.
Ask your kids if they think Dr. King could have ever imagined this day when he gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech on Aug. 28, 1963. On steps of the Lincoln Memorial, in front of 200,000 civil rights supporters, he resolutely called for an end to racism in the United States.
"I have a dream, that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character," Dr. King said. "I have a dream today!"
Dr. King began his speech by noting that the Emancipation Proclamation freed millions of slaves in 1863, "But one hundred years later," he said, "the Negro still is not free."
This January, of course, also marks the 150th anniversary of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation and I can't think of a better time than this winter -- February is Black History Month -- to explore civil rights in Washington and beyond -- once the inauguration crowds have gone, of course. (FYI, February is typically a great month to snare a hotel deal, www.washington.org.)
Tourism officials in Washington, D.C., in fact, have created an entire Martin Luther King-inspired itinerary: http://washington.org/article/civil-war-civil-rights-martin-luther-king-jr-historical-sites, as well as one inspired by the Civil Rights Movement, http://washington.org/dc-itinerary/dc-itinerary-civil-war-civil-rights-5-days.
At the same time, Throughout February, Mount Vernon, just outside Washington, D.C., in Virginia, will highlight the lives and contributions of the slaves who built and operated the home of George and Martha Washington. (Visit President's Day weekend, Feb. 16 to 17, for a special birthday weekend celebration. Come on Feb. 18 -- the national observance of George Washington's birthday -- and admission is free.) You can also visit the Slave Memorial and Burial Ground. (Throughout February, interpreters in the slave quarters, re-opened in 2010, will explain slave life.)
Of course, your visit will start at the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial (http://www.nps.gov/mlkm/index.htm) located on the National Mall. After 20 years of planning, the monument was unveiled in 2011. It's the newest monument on the mall and the first memorial not dedicated to a war, a president or a white man. Ranger programs and site tours are available throughout the day. (Look for signs in the memorial for the next program's location and start time.) The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial is near the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, in sight of the Lincoln Memorial to the northwest and the Jefferson Memorial to the southeast.
The Stone of Hope, the central point of the memorial, (http://www.nps.gov/mlkm/index.htm), is based on a line from King's "I Have a Dream" speech: "Out of the mountain of despair, a stone of hope." The 30-foot-high statue of King, named the "Stone of Hope," stands past two pieces of granite that symbolize the "mountain of despair." (Explain to the kids that they will walk through the Mountain of Despair on their way to the Stone of Hope, just as Dr. King did.)
Kids can pick up a Junior Ranger booklet (http://www.nps.gov/nama/forkids/beajuniorranger.htm) at the information window in the bookstore. It includes activities and fun facts about the National Mall and Memorial Parks.
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