Excommunication has limited use in modern world

PITTSBURGH -- Excommunication literally means "out of the community" and signifies when someone has put himself or herself outside the religious community. Along with practices such as social shunning, it has been used by groups ranging from ...

Pope's takes bold step by condemning Mafia

PITTSBURGH -- When Pope Francis declared last week that organized crime figures are "excommunicated" from the Catholic Church, he wasn't making a formal legal declaration against any individuals by name.

But by venturing into southern Italy with ...