In 1922, Rebecca Felton, a Georgia Democrat, became the first woman to serve in the U.S. Senate.
In 1932, Iraq won its independence after Britain ended its mandate following 17 years of British rule.
In 1952, Britain successfully tested its first atomic bomb.
In 1955, the children's TV show Captain Kangaroo with Bob Keeshan in the title role was broadcast for the first time.
In 1967, folksinger and songwriter Woody Guthrie died at the age of 55.
In 1972, U.S. President Richard Nixon and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko signed strategic arms limitation agreements, putting the first restrictions on the two countries' nuclear weapons.
In 1981, IRA prisoners at Maze Prison in Belfast, Northern Ireland, ended a seven-month hunger strike in which 10 men died.
In 1989, troops loyal to Panamanian military leader Manuel Noriega crushed a coup attempt by rebel mid-level officers. Noriega was held briefly by coup plotters but escaped unharmed.
In 1990, formerly communist East Germany merged with West Germany, ending 45 years of post-war division.
In 1992, William Gates III, the college-dropout founder of Microsoft Corp., headed the Forbes magazine list of the 400 richest Americans with a net worth of $6.3 billion.
Copyright 2012 by United Press International