In 1861, Georgia seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy.
In 1920, the U.S. Senate voted against the country joining the League of Nations.
In 1938, the Spanish Nationalist air force bombed Barcelona and Valencia, killing 700 civilians and wounding hundreds more.
In 1975, China published a new constitution that adopted the precepts and policies of Mao Zedong.
In 1977, U.S. President Gerald Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D'Aquino, who had been convicted of treason for her World War II Japanese propaganda broadcasts as Tokyo Rose.
Also in 1977, snowfall was recorded in Miami and the Bahamas. It was the first recorded snowfall in Miami.
In 1994, ice skater Tonya Harding's former husband, Jeff Gillooly, was arrested and charged with conspiracy in the attack two weeks earlier on Harding rival Nancy Kerrigan.
In 1995, Russian forces captured the presidential palace in the rebel republic of Chechnya.
In 2001, U.S. President Bill Clinton announced he had made a deal with the independent prosecutor that would prevent him from being indicted after he left office.
In 2005, the Southeast Asian tsunami death toll was raised to 220,000, including more than 166,000 killed in Indonesia.