In 1065, Westminster Abbey was consecrated.
In 1732, the Pennsylvania Gazette carried the first known advertisement for the first issue of Poor Richard's Almanack by Richard Saunders (Benjamin Franklin).
In 1832, John Calhoun, at odds with U.S. President Andrew Jackson, became the first U.S. vice president to resign.
In 1846, Iowa was admitted into the United States as the 29th state.
In 1865, French film pioneers Auguste and Louis Lumiere showed the first commercial motion pictures at a Paris cafe.
In 1869, The Knights of Labor, a group of tailors in Philadelphia, staged the first Labor Day ceremonies in the United States.
In 1908, nearly 80,000 people were killed when an earthquake struck the ancient town of Messina, Sicily.
In 1945, the U.S. Congress officially recognized the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag of the United States.
In 1950, advancing Chinese troops crossed the 38th Parallel, dividing line between North and South Korea, to help the communist North Koreans fight U.S.-led U.N. forces.
In 1985, warring Lebanese Muslim and Christian leaders signed a peace agreement backed by Syria.