In 1805, the Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived at the Pacific Ocean.
In 1874, the first cartoon depicting the elephant as the symbol of the Republican Party was printed in Harper's Weekly.
In 1916, Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
In 1917, Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian government in St. Petersburg.
In 1940, only four months after its completion, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington state, the third longest suspension bridge in the world at the time, collapsed. No one was injured.
In 1944, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was re-elected to a fourth term in the midst of World War II but died the following April. Harry Truman, his vice president, succeeded him as president.
In 1972, Republican Richard Nixon was re-elected as president of the United States, defeating Democrat George McGovern.
In 1983, a bomb exploded in the U.S. Capitol, causing heavy damage just outside the Senate chamber but there were no injuries.
In 1985, Colombian troops ended a 27-hour siege of Bogota's Palace of Justice by 35 M-19 guerrillas. Eleven Supreme Court judges were among the 100 people killed.
In 1987, U.S. Supreme Court nominee Douglas Ginsburg withdrew his 9-day-old candidacy following criticism of his judicial ethics and his disclosure that he had used marijuana.