In 1605, Guy Fawkes and fellow conspirators attempted to blow up the English Parliament and failed. They were beheaded.
In 1733, German-born publisher John Peter Zenger began printing The New York Weekly Journal in opposition to the British colonial administration.
In 1854, combined British-French forces scored a decisive victory over the Russians in the Crimea.
In 1930, the first commercial television broadcast was aired.
In 1940, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was re-elected to an unprecedented third term.
In 1990, an Egyptian-born gunman, apparently acting alone, assassinated Meir Kahane, the U.S. native who founded the militant Jewish Defense League.
Also in 1990, the U.S. Supreme Court let stand an order requiring the U.S. Army to permit homosexuals to re-enlist.
In 1991, the body of British media mogul Robert Maxwell was found in the Atlantic Ocean off the Canary Islands.
Also in 1991, Kiichi Miyazawa was formally appointed prime minister of Japan, succeeding Toshiki Kaifu.
In 1992, former U.S. world chess champion Bobby Fischer triumphed in his $5 million rematch against Russian arch-rival Boris Spassky.