In 54 AD, the Roman Emperor Claudius was poisoned by his fourth wife, Agrippina.
In 1775, the Continental Congress ordered construction of America's first naval fleet.
In 1792, the cornerstone to the White House was laid. It would be November 1800 before the first presidential family (that of John Adams) moved in.
In 1884, Greenwich in England made the prime meridian for Earth's longitude.
In 1885, Georgia Institute of Technology was founded in Atlanta.
In 1903, the Boston Red Sox beat the Pittsburgh Pirates to win the first World Series, five games to three.
In 1917, as many as 100,000 people gathered in Fatima, Portugal, for the Miracle of the Sun and its strange solar activity and, for some, a reported glimpse of the Virgin Mary.
In 1943, conquered by the Allies, Italy declared war on Germany, its former partner.
In 1972, more than 170 people were killed when a Soviet airliner crashed near the Moscow airport.
In 1977, four Palestinians hijacked a Lufthansa airliner in an unsuccessful attempt to force release of 11 imprisoned members of German terrorists called the Red Army Faction.