In 490 B.C., the Greeks defeated the Persians at Marathon. A Greek soldier named Phidippides ran more than 26 miles to tell Athenians of the victory and died after his announcement. His feat provided the model for the modern marathon race.
In 1892, Mansfield University was the home team for the first night football game at Smythe Park in Mansfield, Pa.
In 1920, in baseball's biggest scandal, a grand jury indicted eight Chicago White Sox players for throwing the 1919 World Series with the Cincinnati Reds.
In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin.
In 1982, the first reports appeared of deaths in the Chicago area from Extra-strength Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide. Seven people died and the unsolved case resulted in tamper-proof packaging for consumer products.
In 1987, a federal appeals court declared Boston public schools officially desegregated after a 13-year effort.
In 1989, former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos died in exile in Hawaii.
In 1992, a Pakistan jetliner carrying 167 people crashed into a hill southeast of Kathmandu, Nepal, killing all aboard.
In 1993, U.S. first lady Hillary Clinton was the administration's lead witness in congressional hearings on the proposed national healthcare program.
In 1995, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser Arafat signed phase two of their peace agreement in Washington.