In 1784, Grigory Shelikhov, a Russian fur trader, founded the first permanent Russian settlement in Alaska on Kodiak Island.
In 1900, some 2,000 U.S. Marines joined with European forces to capture Beijing, ending the Boxer Rebellion against the Western presence in China.
In 1935, the U.S. Congress passed the Social Security Act and U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt immediately signed it into law.
In 1945, U.S. President Harry Truman announced that Japan had accepted terms for unconditional surrender, ending World War II.
In 1966, the unmanned U.S. Orbiter 1 spacecraft began orbiting the moon.
In 1991, the U.S. Justice Department accused General Electric of fraud for billing the Pentagon $30 million for the non-existent sale of F-16 parts to the Israeli military.
In 1994, the notorious international terrorist known as Carlos the Jackal was captured in Sudan. He was extradited to France the next day.
In 1995, following a long legal battle, Shannon Faulkner was admitted to the cadet corps of the previously all-male Citadel. She resigned from the South Carolina military school four days later.
In 1996, the Republican Party nominated Sen. Bob Dole of Kansas for president to face incumbent Bill Clinton in the November election.
In 2003, a massive power failure spread through Ohio, Michigan, the Northeastern United States and eastern Canada, leaving 50 million people in eight states and the province of Ontario without electricity for as long as two days.